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Elevations of plasma epinephrine comparable to those observed in physiologic stress, cause a sustained 20--35 mg/dl elevation of plasma glucose in normal humans. This hyperglycemic action is due to a transient increase in hepatic glucose output as well as a reduction in the rate of glucose disposal which accounts for the persistence of hyperglycemia. The(More)
Hypocaloric diets cause a fall in resting metabolic rate that interferes with weight loss. To evaluate the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, resting metabolic rate was measured sequentially in six healthy obese women on a weight maintenance diet (more than 2,300 kilocalories), after 15 days of an 800 kilocalories carbohydrate-free diet, and after(More)
We infused growth hormone into normal subjects in doses that raised circulating hormone to levels (30–35 ng/ml) similar to those seen during stress. Growth hormone excess failed to alter fasting glucose and somatomedin concentrations. However, non-esterified fatty acids and ketones increased by 50% (p<0.05) and 120% (p<0.01), respectively, despite 35%(More)
Raised plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels effectively impede glucose uptake in vivo, thereby conserving plasma glucose and sparing glycogen. To test whether FFA have any effect on blood amino acid levels, we infused Intralipid plus heparin or saline into healthy volunteers under four different experimental conditions: A) overnight fast; B) euglycemic(More)
A phase-I study was conducted to examine the safety, pharmacokinetics, and activity of combination 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (ddI) and ribavirin against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-positive individuals with CD4+ cell counts of < or = 500/microliter. Nineteen patients were enrolled into the study in which ddI monotherapy (200 mg p.o.b.i.d.) was(More)
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