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High-speed optical communication requires ultrafast all-optical processing and switching capabilities. The Kerr nonlinearity, an ultrafast optical nonlinearity, is often used as the basic switching mechanism. A practical, small device that can be switched with ~1-pJ energies requires a large Kerr effect with minimal losses (both linear and nonlinear). We(More)
In this letter, we present a technique for calculating the Raman gain spectra of germanosilicate fibers from their index profiles. The gain spectra depend on radial profiles of the guided optical modes and the glass composition, in particular the distribution of Si-O-Si and Ge-O-Si bridging bonds. We have obtained spectral coefficients, which represent the(More)
Frozen-in viscoelasticity has a significant, yet previously overlooked, impact on the refractive index profile of optical fibers and can serve as the basis for novel fiber devices. Viscoelastic strains can be frozen into an optical fiber during draw, or by cooling down a drawn fiber from high temperature while under tension. The resulting refractive index(More)
Today's fiber-optic communications systems are fused-silica-based fibers for which signals require reamplification every 30 kilometers. Repeaterless long-haul (transcontinental and transoceanic) links can only be envisaged if a new fiber material with intrinsic power losses significantly lower than those of silica can be identified and developed. This(More)
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