Learn More
Long-term storage of DNA is required for a number of genetic studies; prior to extraction, blood samples may be subject to elevated temperatures for variable intervals. We have studied the effect of temperatures ranging from -70 degrees C to +65 degrees C on human blood and on DNA extracted from it. DNA in solution stored at ambient temperatures up to 37(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder recently shown to be due to an excess number of CAG trinucleotide repeats in the 5' translated region of chromosome 4. One of the cardinal features of HD is cognitive decline. While mental deterioration is obvious later in the disease course, the time of its onset is difficult to(More)
Alternative products of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP), proteolipid protein (PLP) and DM20, are major components of compact myelin in the central nervous system, but quantitatively minor constituents of Schwann cells. A family with a null allele of PLP has a less severe CNS phenotype than those with other types of PLP mutations. Moreover, individuals(More)
We describe genomic structures of 59 X-chromosome segmental duplications that include the proteolipid protein 1 gene (PLP1) in patients with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease. We provide the first report of 13 junction sequences, which gives insight into underlying mechanisms. Although proximal breakpoints were highly variable, distal breakpoints tended to(More)
In the majority of patients with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, duplication of the proteolipid protein gene PLP1 is responsible, whereas deletion of PLP1 is infrequent. Genomic mechanisms for these submicroscopic chromosomal rearrangements remain unknown. We identified three families with PLP1 deletions (including one family described elsewhere) that arose(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether changes in motor function and reaction time are present in presymptomatic individuals carrying the Huntington disease (HD) allele. DESIGN A case-control, double-blind study comparing asymptomatic at-risk subjects, with or without the HD allele, and subjects clinically determined to have early manifest HD. SETTING The(More)
A mutation in the G-protein-linked inwardly rectifying K+ channel 2 gene (Girk2) is the cause of the weaver mouse phenotype. We determined that the originally published Girk2 transcript is composed of five exons. The primary coding exon (designated exon 4a in our system) encodes over two-thirds of the protein. Five different full-length Girk2 transcript(More)
We encountered six female infants with a specific pattern of developmental abnormalities of the urogenital and lower intestinal tracts. The anomalies included ambiguous genitalia, lack of perineal openings, and müllerian and urinary tract anomalies. Each patient had normal female chromosomes and normal adrenal gland function. We believe that this(More)
We have developed a highly sensitive and rapid coupled reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique for detection of alpha-amylase-encoding gene transcripts and for distinguishing between the human salivary (AMY1) and pancreatic (AMY2) gene transcripts. The two genes are 93-94% homologous. However, the AMY1 gene has an additional exon(More)