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In the majority of patients with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, duplication of the proteolipid protein gene PLP1 is responsible, whereas deletion of PLP1 is infrequent. Genomic mechanisms for these submicroscopic chromosomal rearrangements remain unknown. We identified three families with PLP1 deletions (including one family described elsewhere) that arose(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the neurological and psychometric characteristics of presymptomatic gene carriers and non-gene carriers who are at risk for developing Huntington's disease so as to characterise early signs of disease and to identify markers of neurological function that could be used to assess the impact of experimental therapies on the progression of(More)
Two families with Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) are atypical in possessing neocortical neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), which are few or absent in other kindreds with GSS, in addition to amyloid plaques that react with prion protein (PrP) antibodies and protease-resistant PrP accumulation in the brain. A leucine substitution at PrP codon 102(More)
Alternative products of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP), proteolipid protein (PLP) and DM20, are major components of compact myelin in the central nervous system, but quantitatively minor constituents of Schwann cells. A family with a null allele of PLP has a less severe CNS phenotype than those with other types of PLP mutations. Moreover, individuals(More)
We describe genomic structures of 59 X-chromosome segmental duplications that include the proteolipid protein 1 gene (PLP1) in patients with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease. We provide the first report of 13 junction sequences, which gives insight into underlying mechanisms. Although proximal breakpoints were highly variable, distal breakpoints tended to(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder recently shown to be due to an excess number of CAG trinucleotide repeats in the 5' translated region of chromosome 4. One of the cardinal features of HD is cognitive decline. While mental deterioration is obvious later in the disease course, the time of its onset is difficult to(More)
A mutation in the G-protein-linked inwardly rectifying K+ channel 2 gene (Girk2) is the cause of the weaver mouse phenotype. We determined that the originally published Girk2 transcript is composed of five exons. The primary coding exon (designated exon 4a in our system) encodes over two-thirds of the protein. Five different full-length Girk2 transcript(More)
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is a human X chromosome-linked dysmyelination disorder of the central nervous system for which the genetic defect has not yet been established. The jimpy mutation jp of the mouse is an X chromosome-linked disorder of myelin formation. The mutation is at an intron/exon splice site in the mouse gene for proteolipid protein(More)
We encountered six female infants with a specific pattern of developmental abnormalities of the urogenital and lower intestinal tracts. The anomalies included ambiguous genitalia, lack of perineal openings, and müllerian and urinary tract anomalies. Each patient had normal female chromosomes and normal adrenal gland function. We believe that this(More)
The weaver mutation in mice has recently been identified as a single base-pair mutation in the Girk2 gene, which encodes a G-protein-activated inwardly rectifying potassium channel, GIRK2. The mutation results in a Gly to Ser substitution at residue 156, in the putative pore-forming region of the potassium channel. In the present study, we used Xenopus(More)