M E Hartnett

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Collectively, angiogenic ocular conditions represent the leading cause of irreversible vision loss in developed countries. In the US, for example, retinopathy of prematurity, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration are the principal causes of blindness in the infant, working age and elderly populations, respectively. Evidence suggests that(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness worldwide, is as prevalent as cancer in industrialized nations. Most blindness in AMD results from invasion of the retina by choroidal neovascularisation (CNV). Here we show that the eosinophil/mast cell chemokine receptor CCR3 is specifically expressed in choroidal neovascular endothelial(More)
PURPOSE Several genes encoding complement system components and fragments are associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This study was conducted to determine whether alterations in circulating levels of these markers of complement activation and regulation are also independently associated with advanced AMD and whether they are related to AMD(More)
New blood vessel formation requires the coordination of endothelial cell division and the morphogenetic movements of vessel expansion, but it is not known how this integration occurs. Here, we show that endothelial cells regulate division orientation during the earliest stages of blood vessel formation, in response to morphogenetic cues. In embryonic stem(More)
Endothelial cells form capillary tubes through the process of intracellular tubulogenesis. Chloride intracellular channel (CLIC) family proteins have been previously implicated in intracellular tubulogenesis, but their specific role has not been defined. In this study, we show that disruption of the Clic4 gene in mice results in defective angiogenesis in(More)
PURPOSE To investigate and compare the characteristics of four different types of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells cultured for 2 to 5 weeks to provide guidance when choosing RPE cells for experimentation. METHODS Human cell lines ARPE-19 (ARPE) and D407, primary RPE cells from C57Bl/6 mouse (mRPE), and primary human fetal RPE (hfRPE) cells were(More)
PURPOSE To explore the molecular mechanisms by which the C-C chemokine receptor type 3 (CCR3) and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 11 (CCL11) regulate choroidal endothelial cell (CEC) migration and the interactions with the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway. METHODS Human retinal sections from young and aged donor normal eyes were(More)
PURPOSE To study the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on endothelial nitric oxide synthetase (eNOS) and retinal vascular tortuosity and cleavage planes in a rat model of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS Within 4 hours of birth, pups and mothers were cycled between 50% and 10% oxygen daily. At postnatal day (p)12, pups received(More)
PURPOSE To study the mechanisms of action of the antioxidants, n-acetylcysteine (NAC), and the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAPDH) oxidase oxidase inhibitor, apocynin, on intravitreous neovascularization (IVNV), and retinal avascularity in a rat model of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS Newborn rats exposed to oxygen-induced(More)
PURPOSE To study the effects of a neutralizing antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), given as an intravitreous injection, on intravitreous neovascularization (IVNV) and ongoing vascular development of avascular retina in a rat model relevant to human retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS Newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to oxygen(More)