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A 2.91-billion base pair (bp) consensus sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome was generated by the whole-genome shotgun sequencing method. The 14.8-billion bp DNA sequence was generated over 9 months from 27,271,853 high-quality sequence reads (5.11-fold coverage of the genome) from both ends of plasmid clones made from the DNA of five(More)
On the basis of 32 surgical cases of recurrent urorectal fistulas, review of relevant literature, the authors define factors determining choice of treatment and preoperative preparation policy. Such individual approach may secure success in many cases. A new surgical procedure of surgical treatment of urethrorectal fistulas involving abdominoanal resection(More)
Ultrasonic examinations of the urethra were carried out in 188 women suffering from dysuria, making use of transducers for transcutaneous and transvaginal scanning. The authors describe in detail the echographic picture of the urethra in health and in various diseases, e.g. urethritis, paraurethral fibrosis, cysts, diverticuli, malignant and benign tumors,(More)
The paper is concerned with one of the important problems of current urology--inflammation-induced strictures of the female urethra, covers questions of its etiology, pathogenesis, clinical patterns, diagnosis and treatment. It is emphasized that the strictures take the form of paraurethral fibrosis and should be managed individually. Clinicomorphological(More)
The authors analysed the results of the surgical treatment of 167 patients with hydrocele who were operated on with the use of Winkelmann's or Bergmann's technique (group I), the same but modified by Grebenshchikov-Shevtsov's (group II), and Lord's method (group III). Sclerotherapy was employed in the group IV patients. A high percentage of complications(More)
Stricture of proximal male urethra remains complicated problem of urology. Surgical intervention conducted at sphincter area is fraught with the damage of potential enuresis. A total of 250 patients with proximal urethra strictures were treated. Most of them could recover normal uresis. Unlike strictures of inflammatory origin, those of traumatic and(More)
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