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To obtain insight into the site and stage specificity of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) action in vivo, we compared the expression patterns of the genes for these three related neurotrophic factors as well as for the NGF receptor in developing and adult rats. Initial embryonic expression of(More)
The development and maintenance of the nervous system depends on proteins known as neurotrophic factors. Although the prototypical neurotrophic factor, nerve growth factor (NGF), has been intensively studied for decades, the discovery and characterization of additional such factors has been impeded by their low abundance. Sequence homologies between NGF and(More)
We have isolated eight rat lymphocyte-myeloma hybrid cell lines producing monoclonal antibodies that react with the 21,000-dalton transforming protein (p21) encoded by the v-ras gene of Harvey murine sarcoma virus (Ha-MuSV). These antibodies specifically immunoprecipitate both phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated forms of p21 from lysates of cells(More)
Adult rat sciatic nerve is known to express high levels of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) mRNA and protein. Here we examine the cellular localization of CNTF protein and mRNA in peripheral nerve and the regulation of CNTF expression by peripheral axons. In intact nerve, CNTF immunoreactivity is found predominantly in the cytoplasm of myelin-related(More)
A variety of findings seem to functionally link brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), while distinguishing both of these factors from the third member of the neurotrophin family, nerve growth factor (NGF). Here we demonstrate that all three of these neuronal survival molecules bind similarly to the low affinity NGF receptor,(More)
Although neurotrophic factors were originally isolated on the basis of their ability to support the survival of neurons, these molecules are now thought to influence many aspects of the development and maintenance of the nervous system. Identifying the receptors for these neurotrophic factors should aid in identifying the cells on which these factors act(More)
Some tumor cells contain mutant ras genes that are capable of transforming NIH 3T3 cells. Those genes that have been analyzed arise from the wild-type, non-transforming ras genes by mutations producing single amino acid substitutions at position 12 or 61 of the encoded protein. We have performed random bisulfite-induced mutagenesis on the cloned wild-type(More)
The lack of reagents or molecular probes specific for the ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) receptor has hindered characterization of the molecular mechanism(s) by which CNTF influences the proliferation, survival, and differentiation of cells of the vertebrate nervous system. We have developed methods for the detection and separation of cells expressing(More)
The development and maintenance of the vertebrate nervous system depends upon neuronal survival proteins known as neurotrophic factors. Nerve growth factor (NGF) remains the best characterized neurotrophic molecule. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) are two recently cloned neurotrophic factors that are homologous to NGF.(More)
The expression of ras proto-oncogenes in normal human tissues was studied by immunohistochemical staining and by immunoblotting using monoclonal antibodies. We detected p21ras protein in almost every fetal and adult tissue, but the level varied significantly among cell types. In some cell lineages, immature cells capable of proliferation contain more p21ras(More)