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Messages for subunits of voltage-gated calcium channels were examined in the cochlea of the CBAJ mouse by PCR analysis. Total RNA was extracted from the auditory organs of 16-18-day-old animals. After reverse transcription, resulting cDNA was amplified by PCR with primers targeted to nucleotide sequences corresponding to 12 different calcium channel(More)
Full-length sequence (>6.5 kb) has been determined for the Ca(V)1.3 pore-forming subunit of the voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel from the saccular hair cells of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Primary structure was obtained from overlapping PCR and cloned fragments, amplified by primers based on teleost, avian, and mammalian sources. Trout saccular(More)
Perilymph, which bathes the sensory cells of the cochlea, was collected from guinea pigs exposed to noise and analyzed via two cation-exchange HPLC procedures with fluorescence detection, resolving 51 and 81 primary-amine compounds, respectively, at a sensitivity limit of 0.1 pmol relative to leucine. During a first period, each animal was either exposed to(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying synaptic exocytosis in the hair cell, the auditory and vestibular receptor cell, are not well understood. Otoferlin, a C2 domain-containing Ca2+-binding protein, has been implicated as having a role in vesicular release. Mutations in the OTOF gene cause nonsyndromic deafness in humans, and OTOF knock-out mice are deaf. In(More)
Pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide originally isolated from the hypothalamus, named for its high potency in stimulating adenylyl cyclase in pituitary cells. PACAP acts through the specific receptor PAC1-R to modulate the action of neurotransmitters, and additionally, to regulate cell viability via(More)
Transmitter release at synapses ensures faithful chemical coding of information that is transmitted in the sub-second time frame. The brain, the central unit of information processing, depends upon fast communication for decision making. Neuronal and neurosensory cells are equipped with the molecular machinery that responds reliably, and with high fidelity,(More)
An in vitro preparation of the trout saccular macula, containing a large number of hair cells, served as a potential source of neurotransmitter(s) released at the acousticolateralis hair cell-afferent nerve synapse. An in vitro preparation of the saccular nerve, maintained in parallel, served to indicate the potential neural contribution to overall release(More)
Pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), via its specific receptor pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide receptor 1 (PAC1-R), is known to have roles in neuromodulation and neuroprotection associated with glutamatergic and cholinergic neurotransmission, which, respectively, are believed to form the primary basis for afferent and(More)
Mutations in otoferlin, a C2 domain-containing ferlin family protein, cause non-syndromic hearing loss in humans (DFNB9 deafness). Furthermore, transmitter secretion of cochlear inner hair cells is compromised in mice lacking otoferlin. In the present study, we show that the C2F domain of otoferlin directly binds calcium (KD = 267 μM) with diminished(More)
Alpha(1)-, beta(1)-, and beta(2)-adrenergic receptors (ARs), which mediate responses to adrenergic input, have been immunohistochemically identified within the organ of Corti and spiral ganglion with polyclonal antibodies of established specificity. Alpha(1)-AR was immunolocalized to sites overlapping supranuclear regions of inner hair cells as well as to(More)