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BACKGROUND Although bariatric surgery is the most common procedure used to induce weight loss in morbidly obese patients, its effect on plasma satiety factors (leptin, ghrelin, and apolipoprotein (apo)-AIV) is controversial. The aim of this work was to analyze these parameters before and at different times after surgery. METHODS Plasma was obtained from(More)
The effect of prenatal ethanol exposure on the intestinal maturation of rat fetuses was investigated to understand the nutritional alterations found in the offspring of alcoholic mothers. Female Wistar rats were maintained on solid diet and 25% ethanol solution as drinking fluid during pregnancy, and non-alcoholic isocaloric pregnant mothers were used as(More)
To gain insight into the postnatal growth delay induced by ethanol in utero, we characterized functional impairments of the small intestine of neonatal rats prenatally exposed to ethanol using a well-described model of gestational alcoholism (25% ethanol w/v in the drinking water). Expression of the intestinal enzymes-lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH) and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a signal molecule with functions such as neurotransmission, local vascular relaxation, and anti-inflammation in many physiological and pathological processes. Various factors regulate its intracellular lifetime. Due to its high reactivity in biological systems, it is transformed in the bloodstream into nitrates (NO(-)(3)) by(More)
In humans, stress can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by altering lipoprotein metabolism. Scarce experimental and clinical data are available on this effect. Therefore, we studied the metabolic response to acute and chronic stress following a model of immobilization (IMO) in rats and we evaluated the resulting circulating lipoprotein levels.(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration down-regulates lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity at the posttranscriptional level. Hypertriglyceridemia is the main metabolic consequence of this fall in LPL activity and is presumably involved in the innate immune response to infection. Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in LPS-induced down-regulation of LPL(More)
We studied the variations caused by stress in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity, LPL-mRNA, and local blood flow in LPL-rich tissues in the rat. Stress was produced by body immobilization (Immo): the rat's limbs were taped to metal mounts, and its head was placed in a plastic tube. Chronic stress (2 h daily of Immo) decreased total LPL activity in mesenteric(More)
BACKGROUND Cytoskeletal changes after longterm exposure to ethanol have been described in a number of cell types in adult rat and humans. These changes can play a key part in the impairment of nutrient assimilation and postnatal growth retardation after prenatal damage of the intestinal epithelium produced by ethanol intake. AIMS To determine, in the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the main enzyme responsible for the distribution of circulating triacylglycerides in tissues. Its regulation via release from active sites in the vascular endothelium is poorly understood. In a previous study we reported that in response to acute immobilization (IMMO), LPL activity rapidly increases in plasma and(More)
At birth, the mammalian small intestine displays regional differences in morphology as well as complex proximal-to-distal (horizontal) patterns of protein distribution. Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH), an enterocyte-specific disaccharidase crucial for the digestion of lactose in milk, reveals a characteristic horizontal pattern of expression at birth.(More)