M. Dolores López-Tejero

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Nitric oxide (NO) is a signal molecule with functions such as neurotransmission, local vascular relaxation, and anti-inflammation in many physiological and pathological processes. Various factors regulate its intracellular lifetime. Due to its high reactivity in biological systems, it is transformed in the bloodstream into nitrates (NO(-)(3)) by(More)
In humans, stress can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by altering lipoprotein metabolism. Scarce experimental and clinical data are available on this effect. Therefore, we studied the metabolic response to acute and chronic stress following a model of immobilization (IMO) in rats and we evaluated the resulting circulating lipoprotein levels.(More)
BACKGROUND Although bariatric surgery is the most common procedure used to induce weight loss in morbidly obese patients, its effect on plasma satiety factors (leptin, ghrelin, and apolipoprotein (apo)-AIV) is controversial. The aim of this work was to analyze these parameters before and at different times after surgery. METHODS Plasma was obtained from(More)
The effect of prenatal ethanol exposure on the intestinal maturation of rat fetuses was investigated to understand the nutritional alterations found in the offspring of alcoholic mothers. Female Wistar rats were maintained on solid diet and 25% ethanol solution as drinking fluid during pregnancy, and non-alcoholic isocaloric pregnant mothers were used as(More)
To gain insight into the postnatal growth delay induced by ethanol in utero, we characterized functional impairments of the small intestine of neonatal rats prenatally exposed to ethanol using a well-described model of gestational alcoholism (25% ethanol w/v in the drinking water). Expression of the intestinal enzymes-lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH) and(More)
At birth, the mammalian small intestine displays regional differences in morphology as well as complex proximal-to-distal (horizontal) patterns of protein distribution. Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH), an enterocyte-specific disaccharidase crucial for the digestion of lactose in milk, reveals a characteristic horizontal pattern of expression at birth.(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration down-regulates lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity at the posttranscriptional level. Hypertriglyceridemia is the main metabolic consequence of this fall in LPL activity and is presumably involved in the innate immune response to infection. Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in LPS-induced down-regulation of LPL(More)
INTRODUCTION Parenteral nutrition (PN) dependence in short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients is linked to the functionality of the remnant small bowel (RSB). Patients may wean off PN following a period of intestinal adaptation that restores this functionality. Currently, plasma citrulline is the standard biomarker for monitoring intestinal functionality and(More)
We studied the variations caused by stress in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity, LPL-mRNA, and local blood flow in LPL-rich tissues in the rat. Stress was produced by body immobilization (Immo): the rat's limbs were taped to metal mounts, and its head was placed in a plastic tube. Chronic stress (2 h daily of Immo) decreased total LPL activity in mesenteric(More)
Tissue-specific regulation of LPL has been widely studied in rats. Previous studies reported that in vivo administration of adrenaline and acute stress cause an increase in plasma LPL activity coinciding with a decrease in white adipose tissue (WAT) LPL activity. We studied the speed of LPL activity changes during 30 min of stress by immobilization (IMMO)(More)