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Keratinocytes undergo a distinct pattern of proliferation and differentiation that is essential for the function of the skin as a protective barrier. Defects in the equilibrium between proliferation and differentiation compromise the skin's barrier function and give rise to human diseases such as psoriasis and nonmelanoma skin cancer. The identification of(More)
Zebrafish have emerged as a powerful model system to study leukocyte recruitment and inflammation. Here we characterize the morphology and function of inflammatory macrophages in zebrafish larvae. These macrophages can be distinguished from neutrophils by immunolabeling of L-Plastin without MPO co-expression and by an elongated morphology. Live imaging of(More)
The results of a study of eight different key-to-address transformation methods applied to a set of existing files are presented. As each method is applied to a particular file, load factor and bucket size are varied over a wide range. In addition, appropriate variables pertinent only to a specific method take on different values. The performance of each(More)
BACKGROUND Keratinocytes undergo a defined programme of proliferation and differentiation during normal stratification of the epidermis. Anomalies in the signalling pathways controlling this process probably contribute to the pathogenesis of hyperproliferative dermatological diseases, including psoriasis and basal cell carcinoma (BCC). We have previously(More)
The hallmark of chronic inflammation is the infiltration and persistence of leukocytes within inflamed tissue. Here, we describe the first zebrafish chronic inflammation mutant identified in an insertional mutagenesis screen for mutants that exhibit abnormal tissue distribution of neutrophils. We identified a mutant line with an insertion in the Hepatocyte(More)
Factor for adipocyte differentiation 24 (fad24) is a novel gene that has been implicated in adipocyte differentiation and DNA replication. In a screen for zebrafish mutants that have an abnormal tissue distribution of neutrophils, we identified an insertional allele of fad24, fad24hi1019. Homozygous fad24hi1019 larvae exhibit muscle degeneration accompanied(More)
Epidermal hyperproliferation and inflammation are hallmarks of the human condition psoriasis. Here, we report that a zebrafish line with a mutation in the cargo adaptor protein Clint1 exhibits psoriasis-like phenotypes including epithelial hyperproliferation and leukocyte infiltration. Clint1 is an ENTH domain-containing protein that binds SNARE proteins(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC)-activating 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) stimulates phospholipase D (PLD) activity in primary mouse epidermal keratinocytes. PLD catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine to yield phosphatidic acid (PA), which can be dephosphorylated to produce PKC-activating diacylglycerol. In the presence of small amounts of a(More)
BACKGROUND The serine/threonine kinase protein kinase D (PKD) has been proposed to be a pro-proliferative, anti-differentiative signal in epidermal keratinocytes. Indeed, the phorbol ester tumor promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) induces biphasic PKD activation, which mirrors the biphasic response of initial differentiation followed by(More)