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We summarize basic empirical themes from studies of adherence to medical regimens and propose a self-regulatory model for conceptualizing the adherence process. The model posits that self-regulation is a function of the representation of health threats and the targets for ongoing coping (symptom reduction, temporal expectancies for change) set by the(More)
This longitudinal study examined predictors of mammography use among women with a family history of breast cancer participating in a risk assessment and surveillance program (N = 213). Assessed were background variables (age, prior mammography utilization), cognitive variables (perceived vulnerability), and affective variables (cancer worry and general(More)
BACKGROUND Emotional awareness and self-regulation are important skills for improving mental health and reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Cognitive behavioral therapy can teach these skills but is not widely available. OBJECTIVE This exploratory study examined the potential of mobile phone technologies to broaden access to cognitive behavioral(More)
We assessed the impact of information about psychosocial consequences of genetic testing for breast cancer susceptibility on interest in and beliefs about genetic testing, and whether these effects vary by levels of either cancer worry or perceived cancer risk. Women (N = 180) in an experimental study were randomly assigned to read one of four messages(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting men in the United States. Management options for localized disease exist, yet an evidence-based criterion standard for treatment still has to emerge. Although 5-year survival rates approach 98%, all treatment options carry the possibility for significant side effects, such as erectile(More)
Patients diagnosed with early-stage prostate cancer not only have to cope with the impact of the cancer diagnosis, but also need to interpret complicated medical information to make an informed treatment decision. We report initial results from an ongoing longitudinal investigation examining treatment decision making among men diagnosed with early stage(More)
PURPOSE To describe and compare the perceptions of cancer patients and their physicians regarding phase I clinical trials. METHODS Eligible patients had been offered phase I trial participation and had decided to participate but had not yet begun treatment. Each patient's physician also served as a study subject. Patients and physicians completed(More)
PURPOSE Physician knowledge of factors related to patient decisional regret following definitive management for localized prostate cancer is an important but under evaluated element in comprehensive patient counseling. Using validated instruments, we analyzed the relationships of pathological, perioperative and functional health related quality of life(More)
BACKGROUND A cancer diagnosis is highly distressing. Yet, to make informed treatment choices patients have to learn complicated disease and treatment information that is often fraught with medical and statistical terminology. Thus, patients need accurate and easy-to-understand information. OBJECTIVE To introduce the development and preliminary evaluation(More)
We examined decisional regret among prostate cancer patients and its association with disease-specific quality of life. Patients (N = 793) completed questionnaires at diagnosis, at 6 months, and 12 months thereafter. Although levels of decisional regret were low, regret increased significantly between 6 and 12 months after diagnosis. The increase was(More)