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PURPOSE To assess the value of a three-dimensional Fourier transformation MR technique "CISS" (constructive interference in steady state) in imaging the inner ear. SUBJECTS We studied 50 normal inner ears (40 axial, 10 coronal) and 10 pathologic inner ears in 60 patients. RESULTS The cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibulum were visualized in(More)
A new method is introduced to detect magnetic field modulation arising from brain activation-induced BOLD effects. This approach uses a two-dimensional high-bandwidth, high-resolution conventional gradient-echo steady-state imaging sequence known as TrueFISP. The ability to visualize changes in oxygen saturation comes from the fact that the method is(More)
Proton spin-lattice (T1) relaxation time images were computed from a data set of 32 gradient-echo images acquired with a fast TOMROP (T One by Multiple Read Out Pulses) sequence using a standard whole-body MR imager operating at 64 MHz. The data acquisition and analysis method which permits accurate pixel-by-pixel estimation of T1 relaxation times is(More)
Prompted by the findings of previous studies with positron emission tomography and single photon emission computed tomography, which demonstrated hypoperfusion or hyperperfusion in the left temporal lobe in isolated patients with transient global amnesia (TGA), we compared the sensitivity of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with that(More)
The double-echo-steady-state (DESS) sequence generates two signal echoes that are characterized by a different contrast behavior. Based on these two contrasts, the underlying T2 can be calculated. For a flip-angle of 90 degrees , the calculated T2 becomes independent of T1, but with very low signal-to-noise ratio. In the present study, the estimation of(More)
We present a new steady-state imaging sequence, which simultaneously allows in a single acquisition the formation of two MR images with clearly different contrasts. The contrast of the first image is FISP-like, whereas the second image is strongly T2-weighted. In principle the T2 values in the image can be calculated from the combination of the first and(More)
"Diffusion-weighted"MRI in the normal human brain and in a patient with a cerebral metastasis is demonstrated. The method employed was a modified CE-FAST sequence with imaging times of only 6-10 s using a conventional 1.5-T whole-body MRI system (Siemens Magnetom). As with previous phantom and animal studies, the use of strong gradients together with(More)
Assessment of regional lung perfusion and ventilation has significant clinical value for the diagnosis and follow-up of pulmonary diseases. In this work a new method of non-contrast-enhanced functional lung MRI (not dependent on intravenous or inhalative contrast agents) is proposed. A two-dimensional (2D) true fast imaging with steady precession (TrueFISP)(More)
Macroscopic magnetic field inhomogeneities might lead to image distortions, while microscopic field inhomogeneities, due to susceptibility changes in tissues, cause spin dephasing and decreasing T(2)() relaxation time. The latter effects are especially observed in the trabecular bone and in regions adjacent to air-containing cavities when gradient-echo(More)
Various lines of evidence suggest that the basal ganglia and thalamus are involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic dystonia, but unfortunately neuroradiological and pathological data are sparse and controversial. In this study, we have examined 10 patients with spasmodic torticollis by neuroimaging techniques, including transcranial sonography (TS; n =(More)