M. David Ullman

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The conversion of W-labeled fatty acylsphingosine and phosphatidyl[14C]choline to sphingomyelin could be demonstrated in lyophilized microsomes from mouse liver. Radioactive CDP-choline did not act as a choline donor. No cofactors were needed, although CDP-choline and P-choline exerted some stimulatory action. The unnatural ceramide, acetyl(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a slowly progressing neurodegenerative disorder with no clear etiology. Pathological hallmarks of the disease include the loss of dopaminergic neurons from the substantia nigra (SN) and the presence of Lewy bodies (LBs) (alpha-synuclein and ubiquitin-positive, eosinophilic, cytoplasmic inclusions) in many of the surviving(More)
cDNA microarray analysis of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium (MPP+) toxicity (1 mM, 72 h) in undifferentiated SH-SY5Y cells identified 48 genes that displayed a signal intensity greater than the mean of all differentially expressed genes and a two-fold or greater difference in normalized expression. RT-PCR analysis of a subset of genes showed that c-Myc and(More)
Gangliosides GM1, GD1a, GD1b, and GT1b were measured in nine brain regions of five patients, clinically and neuropathologically diagnosed as having dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), and of three control patients. Analysis of variance revealed that mean concentrations of all gangliosides analyzed were significantly lower in DAT than in control brains.(More)
UNLABELLED Retinoic acid (RA) mediates most of the biological effects of vitamin A that are essential for vertebrate survival. It acts through binding to receptors that belong to the nuclear receptor transcription factor superfamily (Mangelsdorf et al. 1994). It is also a highly potent vertebrate teratogen. To determine the function and effects of(More)
We used a high-performance liquid chromatography method to measure CSF gangliosides, neutral glycolipids, and sulfatides in patients with lysosomal storage disorders. These measurements could be done on less than 1 milliliter of CSF. In patients with GM1 gangliosidosis, GM1 ganglioside was increased, and in GM2 gangliosidosis patients, GM2 ganglioside was(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the chronic use of antiandrogen medications leads to meibomian gland dysfunction, altered lipid profiles in meibomian gland secretions, decreased tear film stability, and evaporative dry eye. Subjects taking antiandrogen therapy for prostatic indications, as well as age-related controls, were asked to(More)
Growth arrest DNA damage-inducible 153 (GADD153) expression was increased in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium (MPP(+))-treated human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells as determined by gene microarray analysis. GADD153 expression increased after 24 hr of MPP(+) (1 mM) exposure and preceded activation of caspase 3. Comparison of GADD153 expression among cultures(More)
Sjögren's syndrome is an extremely complex and currently incurable autoimmune disorder, which occurs primarily in females, and is associated with lacrimal gland inflammation, meibomian gland dysfunction, and severe dry eye. We hypothesize that androgen deficiency, which reportedly occurs in primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome (e.g., systemic lupus(More)
A quantitative high performance liquid chromatography method for the analysis of neutral glycosylceramides as their perbenzoyl derivatives has been devised. Samples containing more than 2.5 nmol each of mono-, di-, tri-, and tetraglycosylceramide are benzoylated with 10% benzoyl chloride in pyridine at 37degrees C for 16 hr. The products are separated from(More)