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The literature on arterial aneurysms is subject to potential misinterpretation because of inconsistencies in reporting standards. The joint councils of the Society for Vascular Surgery and the North American Chapter of the International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery appointed an ad hoc committee to address this issue. This communication, prepared in(More)
PURPOSE Valvular incompetence and venous wall abnormalities have been suggested as primary etiologic factors responsible for the development of varicose veins. This study was conducted to evaluate the connective tissue constituents of greater saphenous varicosities. Proteolytic activity, a factor that can lead to matrix degradation and cause weakening and(More)
The abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common vascular disease. The current clinical criterion for treating AAAs is an increased diameter above a critical value. However, the maximum diameter does not correlate well with aortic rupture, the main cause of death from AAA disease. AAA disease leads to changes in the aortic wall mechanical properties. The(More)
We retrospectively identified 136 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) who were initially evaluated as outpatients. Twenty-seven of these patients met the following criteria for eligibility in the study: (1) roentgenographic documentation of an AAA larger than 3 cm, (2) at least two serial ultrasound size determinations over a minimum six-month(More)
The Blotchy mouse has an X-linked trait that leads to aortic aneurysms and subsequent fatal rupture in nearly all affected male mice. Heterozygous female mice occasionally develop aneurysms, but they rarely rupture. Ten heterozygous female mice received 0.45 mg/mL of hydrocortisone acetate in drinking water. Within 2 weeks, 9 of 10 mice were dead (6 with(More)
Propranolol prevents or delays the formation of aortic aneurysms in both the lathyritic turkey and the Blotchy mouse models. This finding in the turkey is reported to be a direct effect on crosslinking of aortic collagen and elastin, independent of effects on pulse and blood pressure. The present work was performed to evaluate this hypothesis in the mouse(More)
Propranolol has been reported to prevent aortic aneurysms in the beta-aminoproprionitrile-fed broad-breasted white turkey model. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of propranolol in another animal model of aortic aneurysms, the spontaneously aneurysm-prone Blotchy (BLO) mouse. One hundred fourteen male BLO mice were fed control(More)
Three hundred twenty-five cases of spontaneous aortic dissection seen at two institutions between 1965 and 1986 were reviewed to assess the incidence, morbid sequelae, and specific management of aortic branch compromise. Noncardiac vascular complications occurred in 33% of the study group, and in these patients the overall mortality rate (51%) was(More)