M. Dardalhon

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In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, double-strand breaks (DSB) have been observed during the DNA repair of psoralen plus UVA induced lesions. In the present paper, we analyzed this repair step in some detail using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (CHEF) to get a better understanding of this phenomenon with regard to the type of lesions induced and the(More)
Several approaches are described aiming at a better understanding of the genotoxicity of psoralen photoinduced lesions in DNA. Psoralens can photoinduce different types of photolesions including 3,4- and 4',5'-monoadducts and interstrand cross-links, oxidative damage (in the case of 3-carbethoxypsoralen (3-CPs)) and even pyrimidine dimers (in the case of(More)
The biological effects of microwaves in the hyperfrequency range, 9,4 GHz, and 70-75 GHz were investigated in bacteria and yeast. At power densities below 60 mW/cm2 and SAR values not exceeding 28 mW/g no significant effects on survival of repair competent an deficient strains were observed in Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In addition,(More)
Peroxiredoxin (Prx) 1 is a member of the thiol-specific peroxidases family and plays diverse roles such as H2O2 scavenger, redox signal transducer and molecular chaperone. Prx1 has been reported to be involved in protecting cancer cells against various therapeutic challenges. We investigated how modulations of intracellular redox system affect cancer cell(More)
We investigated the effects of gamma-ray exposures at high dose-rate (HDR, 23.2 Gy/min) and low dose-rate (LDR, 0.47 Gy/min) on survival and the induction of DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) in a diploid wild-type (D7) and the repair-deficient mutant strain rad52/rad52 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using a(More)
The repair of interstrand cross-links induced by 8-methoxypsoralen plus UVA (365 nm) radiation DNA was analyzed in diploid strains of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The strains employed were the wild-type D7 and derivatives homozygous for the rad18-1 or the rad3-12 mutation. Alkaline step-elution and electron microscopy were performed to follow the(More)
Chromosomal repair was studied in stationary-phase Saccharomyces cerevisiae, including rad52/rad52 mutant strains deficient in repairing double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination. Mutant strains suffered more chromosomal fragmentation than RAD52/RAD52 strains after treatments with cobalt-60 gamma irradiation or radiomimetic bleomycin, except(More)
Mitotic recombination within the ARG4 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was analysed after treatment of cells with the recombinogenic agent 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) plus UVA. The appearance of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in the ARG4 region during post-treatment incubation was also tested. The results obtained after 8-MOP plus UVA treatment indicate that(More)
The absence of Tsa1, a key peroxiredoxin that scavenges H2O2 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, causes the accumulation of a broad spectrum of mutations. Deletion of TSA1 also causes synthetic lethality in combination with mutations in RAD51 or several key genes involved in DNA double-strand break repair. In the present study, we propose that the accumulation of(More)
Treatment of eukaryotic cells with 8-methoxypsoralen plus UVA irradiation (8-MOP/UVA) induces pyrimidine monoadducts and interstrand crosslinks and initiates a cascade of events leading to cytotoxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic responses. Transcriptional activation plays an important part in these responses. Our previous study in Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)