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OBJECTIVE To assess the chromosomal aberrations in the abortus in recurrent miscarriage and the live birth rate after a euploid or aneuploid miscarriage. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING Tertiary referral unit in university hospital. PATIENT(S) One hundred sixty-seven patients with 3 to 16 miscarriages before 20 weeks. INTERVENTION(S) Material(More)
Chromosomal abnormalities (mostly aneuploidy) account for approximately 50% of fetal losses in the first 8-15 weeks of gestation. Cytogenetic analysis of aborted fetal material depends on conventional tissue culturing and karyotyping. This technique is laborious and is subject to problems including external contamination, culture failure and selective(More)
To gain an understanding of the molecular mechanisms of ovarian cancer, we analyzed 16 ovarian tumors from Jewish Israeli patients by comparative genomic hybridization: 12 invasive epithelial tumors (including three BRCA1 and one BRCA2 mutation carriers), 2 primary peritoneal carcinomatosis, 1 pseudomyxoma peritoneii tumor, and 1 sertoli cell tumor. We(More)
Clinically nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas constitute about one third of pituitary neoplasms and are considered monoclonal tumors. The molecular mechanisms of tumorigenesis in these neoplasms are poorly understood, as evidenced by the paucity of reported somatic genetic alterations. Furthermore, the somatic mutations detected to date were primarily(More)
We report on three cases of partial trisomy 2p in which the identification and exact localization of the duplicated chromosome segment was possible only by application of molecular cytogenetic techniques. These included fluorescence in situ hybridization by use of wcp2, N-myc, and subtelomeric 2p probes and comparative genomic hybridization with DNA(More)
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a relatively common malformation of unknown cause with high mortality due to hypoplasia of the lungs and pulmonary hypertension. We studied a family in which two fetuses had CDH, and two pregnancies resulted in first trimester missed abortions. Both fetuses with CDH had an apparently normal karyotype. In a subsequent(More)
At least 50 per cent of all first-trimester spontaneous abortions are cytogenetically abnormal, including trisomy, monosomy X, triploidy, tetraploidy and structural chromosome anomalies. Traditionally, the detection of aneuploidy in fetal tissues is performed by tissue sampling, cell culturing, metaphase spread preparation, and conventional banding(More)
The identification of unbalanced structural chromosome rearrangements using conventional cytogenetic techniques depends on recognition of the unknown material from its banding pattern. Even with optimally banded chromosomes, when large chromosome segments are involved, cytogeneticists may not always be able to determine the origin of extrachromosomal(More)
In the last few years, attention has been focused on the use of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for prenatal diagnosis with chromosome-specific DNA probes in the second trimester. This technique is accurate, rapid, and detects the most common aneuploidies. We present a preliminary study using FISH technique on uncultured amniotic cells(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine a rapid technique for identification and determination of fetal sex chromosomes and one autosome (chromosome 18) in uncultured amniotic fluids using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with directly labeled DNA probes and ignoring the use of proteinase K and Rnase. STUDY DESIGN Twenty-five amniotic samples taken from pregnant(More)