M. -D. Tabone

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Ethanol-inducible CYP2E1 is an enzyme of major toxicological interest because it metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. CYP2E1 has also been implicated in alcohol liver disease because of its contribution to oxidative stress. Previously, polymorphic alleles with mutations in introns and in the 5'-flanking regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We have previously reported that alcoholics have increased titers of immunoglobulins reacting with protein adducts of hydroxyethyl free radicals. Because hydroxyethyl radicals are produced during ethanol metabolism by liver microsomes, the aim of this study was to determine whether such antibodies recognize microsomal proteins complexed(More)
This study looked at the possible association between alcohol abuse and free radical mediated oxidative injury by examining the presence of oxidative damage, as monitored by erythrocyte malonildialdehyde and plasma lipid hydroperoxides, in patients with liver cirrhosis and different lifetime daily alcohol intake. All patients with an alcohol intake above(More)
BACKGROUND There is yet no established treatment for chronic hepatitis C patients non-responder to standard interferon and ribavirin. AIM To evaluate efficacy and safety of pegylated-interferon-alpha2a plus ribavirin with or without amantadine in such patients. METHODS 161 non-responders to standard interferon and ribavirin were randomized into two(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We have previously shown that hydroxyethyl free radicals produced during cytochrome P4502E1-mediated oxidation of ethanol covalently bind to microsomal proteins. The present study examined whether alkylation of proteins by hydroxyethyl radicals induces an immunologic response in alcoholic patients. METHODS A microplate enzyme-linked(More)
Heavy alcohol consumption has been reported to negatively affect the outcome of interferon therapy. We studied the impact of lifetime alcohol consumption in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with interferon after 6 months of alcohol withdrawal. Alcohol intake was measured when patients with chronic hepatitis C were referred to us for the first time,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We reported previously that patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) have circulating immunoglobulins reacting with cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) complexed with hydroxyethyl free radicals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether hydroxyethyl radical adducts are present on the plasma membranes of ethanol-treated hepatocytes and(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic hepatitis C, rapid HCV-RNA clearance under treatment might allow shorter treatment duration without modifying the sustained virological response (SVR) rate. This study evaluated the impact of rapid virological response (RVR) in HCV genotype 1b infection management. METHODS In an open-label trial, 180 patients received(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of interferon-beta (IFN-beta) in the re-treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C who did not respond to IFN-alpha monotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty patients (24 men and six women; mean age, 41 +/- 13 (SD) years; range, 23-62 years), with chronic hepatitis C that was non-responsive to a standard course of(More)
To identify correlations between the distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and demographic, pathological and virological parameters of HCV-infected patients, we prospectively recruited 650 patients with biopsy-proven chronic hepatitis C without histological aspects of cirrhosis; none had been treated with antiviral therapy. Data regarding(More)