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The experiments on albino rats demonstrated that antidepressants pyrazidol, imipramine, incazane, moclobemide and to a lesser degree azaphen reduce the amnesic effects of electroshock and scopolamine in the rats with the acquired conditioned reaction of passive avoidance. The studied antidepressants decrease also the disturbing action of alcohol on the… (More)
Ten antidepressants belonging to different chemical classes administered to mice for 5 days have been found to be more similar as regards the pharmacological action as compared to the effects attained with a single drug use.
Tetrindol, a selective inhibitor of MAOA (predominantly of serotonin oxidase) and fluoxetine, an inhibitor of serotonin neuronal uptake, were studied in psychotropic tests on mice and rats. Both drugs significantly intensified 5-hydroxytriptophan-induced head twitching, reduced the effect of reserpine and the destructive action of maximal electroshock and… (More)
The effect of new tetracyclic antidepressants pyrazidol and inkazan on adrenergic neurotransmission in the isolated rat vas deferens was studied by examining vas deferens contractions in response to the transmural electric stimulation of the postganglionic sympathetic nerves and addition of noradrenaline (NA) or BaCl2. Pyrazidol and inkazan were found to be… (More)
Effect of a new antidepressant pyrazidol (1,10-trimethylene-8-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrazino /1,2-/ indole) on the liver and brain MAO activity of rats was studied in experiments in vivo and in vitro. Pyrazidol selectively blocks type A MAO (the substrates serotonin and noradrenaline) and does not virtually affect or has a far less action on type B MAO… (More)
In experiments on mice and rats quipazine exerts a moderate and short-term anorexigenic activity. N-acyl quipazine derivatives are markedly less toxic, do not exert anorexigenic action and influence weakly the serotoninergic and adrenergic systems.
As concerns most generally accepted characteristics adopted in pharmacological studies of psychotropic drugs pyracetam is little active, has no effect on the EEG of the cortex and subcortical structures of the brain. At the same time, in a number of tests this drug displayed a well-marked influence on the central nervous system. It restrains convulsive… (More)
The biochemical mechanism of action produced by a new antidepressant pyrazidol (1,10-trimethylene-8-methyl-1, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydropyrazino[1,2-a] indole hydrochloride) includes the inhibitory influence on the neuronal uptake of norepinephrine and a reversible comparatively short-lived inhibitory effect on the MAO activity.
Combined use of carbamazepine (unlike valproat-Na) and antidepressants pyrazidole (pirlindol) or imipramine increased anticonvulsive and antireserpine activity.
In experiments on conscious normotensive male Wistar rats the new antidepressants, reversible MAO-A inhibitors, pyrazidole and incazane, as well as moclobemid increased the pressor effect of orally administered tyramine. The drugs potentiated also the pressor effect of intravenous tyramine. More prolonged potentiation of tyramine action was produced by… (More)