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Thyroid hormones (THs) are essential for normal fetal development, with even mild perturbation in maternal thyroid status in early pregnancy being associated with neurodevelopmental delay in children. Transplacental transfer of maternal THs is critical, with increasing evidence suggesting a role for 3,3',5-tri-iodothyronine (T3) in development and function(More)
Thyroid hormones are critical to growth and development of the human fetus. Abnormal placental development, a major cause of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), is associated with a high perinatal mortality and morbidity. Thyroid status has been postulated to play a role in the pathogenesis of such morbidity. In the present study, we have investigated(More)
Human securin, known also as PTTG, has established oncogenic and cell cycle regulatory functions. PTTG/securin transforms cells in vitro, inhibits sister chromatid separation, and regulates secretion of fibroblast growth factor-2. FGF-2 is a key regulator of CNS development and PTTG/securin expression has been reported in murine fetal brain. We examined the(More)
In mineralocorticoid target tissues, 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11beta-HSD2) confers mineralocorticoid receptor selectivity by metabolizing hormonally active cortisol to inactive cortisone, allowing aldosterone access to the receptor. This enzyme is also expressed in high abundance in fetal tissues, particularly in placental trophoblast,(More)
CONTEXT Abnormal placentation in human pregnancy is associated with intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUGR). Our group has previously reported the association between severe IUGR, lower fetal circulating concentrations of thyroid hormones (THs), and altered expression of TH receptors and TH transporters within human placental villi. We postulate that(More)
N-TERA-2 cl/D1 (NT2) cells, a human embryonal cell line with characteristics of central nervous system precursor cells, were utilised to study thyroid hormone action during early neuronal growth and differentiation. Undifferentiated NT2 cells expressed mRNAs encoding thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) alpha1, alpha2 and beta1, iodothyronine deiodinases types 2(More)
The transplacental passage of thyroid hormones (THs) from mother to fetus in humans has been deduced from observational clinical studies and is important for normal fetoplacental development. To investigate the transporters that regulate TH uptake by syncytiotrophoblast (the primary barrier to maternal-fetal exchange, which lies in direct contact with(More)
STUDY QUESTION Does triiodothyronine (T3) regulate the secretion of angiogenic growth factors and cytokines by human decidual cells isolated from early pregnancy? SUMMARY ANSWER T3 modulates the secretion of specific angiogenic growth factors and cytokines, with different regulatory patterns observed amongst various isolated subpopulations of human(More)
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