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To investigate the participation of the pineal gland and its hormone melatonin on Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase (the sodium pump) in rat brain, we used Scatchard plots to analyze the changes in rat cerebral cortex of [3H]ouabain high-affinity binding in groups of intact, pinealectomized (PX), and sham-PX rats. Only one type of binding site, with a dissociation constant(More)
High-affinity [3H]ouabain binding to membrane preparations of rat cerebral cortex was examined using a rapid filtration procedure. At 37 degrees C, binding reached equilibrium in about 60 min. Scatchard analyses of the data at equilibrium revealed a single population of binding sites with a dissociation constant of KD = 3.1 +/- 0.36 nM and a binding site(More)
The role of the pituitary-adrenal axis on receptor binding and diurnal rhythmicity of benzodiazepines (BNZ) was assessed in the rat cerebral cortex. Groups of intact, adrenalectomized (ADx) and/or hypophysectomized (HPx) rats were killed at six different time intervals during the 24-hour cycle. BNZ binding was estimated by Scatchard analysis of(More)
Seven-day hypophysectomized rats were intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) injected with beta-endorphin, ACTH1-10 or beta-endorphin+ACTH1-10 (10-20 ng of each compound) and the [3H]flunitrazepam ([3H])FNZ) binding to the rat cerebral cortex of hypophysectomized rats was assayed one hour later. The i.c.v. injection of ACTH1-10 (10-20 ng) or beta-endorphin(More)
The effect of the pineal gland on the ouabain high-affinity binding sites (Kd = 3.1 +/- 0.4 nM, Bmax = 246.4 +/- 18.4 fmol/mg protein) in rat cerebral cortex was studied. Pinealectomy increased Bmax (940.7 +/- 42.8 fmol/mg protein) and Kd (7.6 +/- 1.5 nM) while melatonin injection (100 micrograms/kg b.wt.) counteracted these effects, restoring kinetic(More)
The pineal hormone melatonin modulates the brain benzodiazepine binding sites and its circadian rhythm. In the present study the effects of intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of naloxone (10-20 ng), alone or in association with melatonin and/or beta-endorphin, on [3H]flunitrazepam ([3H]FNZ) binding to the rat cerebral cortex of(More)
The effect of intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of melatonin and/or beta-endorphin on the [3H]flunitrazepam binding sites in the cerebral cortex of pinealectomized or superior cervical ganglionectomized rats was studied. Pinealectomy decreased the maximum concentration of benzodiazepine receptors (Bmax) without affecting the dissociation constant(More)
Possible interactions of ACTH-like peptides with melatonin regulation of central-type benzodiazepine (BNZ) receptors have been studied by means of high-affinity 3H-flunitrazepam binding to rat cerebral cortex membrane preparations. Intracerebroventricular injections of melatonin produce a dose-dependent increase in Bmax in pinealectomized rats, without(More)
In this study, we examined the effect of intracerebroventricular (i.c.v) injection of melatonin and/or ACTH1–10 and ACTH4–10 on [3H]flunitrazepam binding sites in the cerebral cortex of hypophysectomized rats. Hypophysectomy increased the Bmax (maximum number of binding sites) of benzodiazepine (BNZ) receptors for at least 7 days after surgery, without(More)
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