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We describe here a specific and sensitive assay for biologically active bovine type-I interferon (IFN) in an Mx/CAT reporter gene assay. The assay is based on Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney cells transfected with a plasmid, containing a human MxA promoter driving a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) cDNA. CAT expression was quantified in a commercially(More)
We have investigated the effects of the timing of progesterone supplementation on early embryo development in mature, non-lactating Holstein-Friesian cows. Animals were inseminated 72 h (day 1) and 96 h following prostaglandin injection and were either left as untreated controls (n=6) or received progesterone supplementation from either days 5 to 9 (early;(More)
Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is a major reproductive pathogen in cattle. Infection of the bull can lead to a fall in semen quality and the isolation of infectious virus in the ejaculate, while infection in the cow leads to poor conception rates, abortions and congenital defects. BVDV also reduces the animal's resistance to other respiratory and(More)
The establishment of persistent infections with non-cytopathic bovine virus diarrhoea virus (ncpBVDV) is crucial for the maintenance of BVDV in cattle populations. Also, super-infection of persistently infected individuals with antigenically homologous cytopathic BVDV (cpBVDV) results in fatal mucosal disease. Persistent infection with ncpBVDV is(More)
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a single-stranded RNA virus responsible for enteric disease and reproductive failure in cattle. The virus can pass vertically from cow to fetus, causing abortion, birth of malformed calves, and calves born with persistent and life-long infections. In this study, we investigated the tropism of BVDV in ovarian tissue from(More)
The aims of this study were to determine the effect on early embryo development of feeding a diet formulated to enhance circulating insulin concentrations and secondly to investigate the association between early embryo development and maternal progesterone concentrations in beef heifers. The study was carried out in 32 Simmental x Holstein Friesian heifers(More)
In this study, we have measured uterine concentrations of interferon tau and intensity of embryonic interferon tau mRNA expression between day 14 and 18 in cows. While interferon tau concentrations rose dramatically (P < 0.001) from day 14 to 18, there was no significant increase in the intensity of expression of interferon tau mRNA by the trophoblast. When(More)
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a major cattle pathogen responsible for a spectrum of symptoms, including reproductive failure. This study was designed to establish the effects of BVDV infection on estradiol, progesterone and PGF2alpha secretion in the cow. Seven BVDV-free cows were challenged with non-cytopathogenic BVDV (strain Pe 515: 5x10(6)(More)
In contrast to the results of previous in vitro studies, experimental infection of calves with noncytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus (ncpBVDV) was found to induce strong alpha/beta and gamma interferon responses in gnotobiotic animals. These responses were associated with depressed levels of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) in serum. The(More)