M D Fratacci

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Background. The gas nitric oxide (NO) is an important endothelium-derived relaxing factor, inactivated by rapid combination with heme in hemoglobin. Methods and Results. Awake spontaneously breathing lambs inhaled 5-80 ppm NO with an acutely constricted pulmonary circulation due to either infusion of the stable thromboxane endoperoxide analogue U46619 or(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) are at high risk of recurrent stroke or other cardiovascular events. We compared the selective thromboxane-prostaglandin receptor antagonist terutroban with aspirin in the prevention of cerebral and cardiovascular ischaemic events in patients with a recent non-cardioembolic(More)
To investigate endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent nitric oxide (NO) mediated pulmonary vasodilation in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), we examined the responses to incremental infusion rates of acetylcholine (ACh) or inhaled NO on hemodynamic and gas exchange. In 13 patients, ACh (15 mg/min) decreased pulmonary artery(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has recently been discovered to be an important endothelium-derived relaxing factor and produces profound relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. To learn if NO could be a potent and selective pulmonary vasodilator, NO was inhaled by 16 awake lambs in an attempt to reduce the increase in pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and pulmonary vascular(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Respiratory muscle strength has been shown to be reduced in patients with chronic heart failure. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine whether long-term therapy with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor perindopril improves respiratory muscle strength in patients with chronic heart failure. PATIENTS AND(More)
The effects on the rat diaphragm of fatigue induced by low- and high-frequency stimulation (at 5 Hz for 1.5 min and 75 Hz for 1 min) were examined during postnatal development. Experiments were performed on isolated costal diaphragm strips. Before stimulation, twitch contraction time and half relaxation time were longest in the neonate and decreased(More)
The regulation of calcium channels by cAMP-dependent phosphorylation was investigated in the diaphragm muscle. Experiments were performed on dissociated costal diaphragmatic cells from 16- to 17-day-old fetal mice. The ionic current through calcium channels was measured using the whole cell clamp technique with barium as the charge carrier. A depolarizing(More)
Hepatic artery thrombosis and early acute rejection are severe complications of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Their rapid detection is most desirable. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of monitoring hepatic artery (HABF) and portal vein (PVBF) blood flows during the first week after OLT. At the end of operation, microprobes(More)
The changes occurring in the histochemical characteristics of the rat diaphragm during the postnatal period were examined. Fibre-type distribution, fibre oxidative capacity, i.e. succinate-dehydrogenase (SDH) activity, and cross-sectional area were compared in the costal (COS) and crural (CRU) regions, and across their abdominal and thoracic surfaces. The(More)