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Because the mechanisms of A beta degradation in normal and Alzheimer's disease brain are poorly understood, we have examined whether various cortical cells are capable of processing this peptide. Rat microglia and astrocytes, as well as the human THP-1 monocyte cell line, degraded A beta 1-42 added to culture medium. In contrast, neither rat cortical(More)
Activated microglia surrounding amyloid beta-containing senile plaques synthesize interleukin-1, an inflammatory cytokine that has been postulated to contribute to Alzheimer's disease pathology. Studies have demonstrated that amyloid beta treatment causes increased cytokine release in microglia and related cell cultures. The present work evaluates the(More)
Amyloid beta peptide (A beta), which is deposited as insoluble fibrils in senile plaques, is thought to play a role in the neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease. We have developed a model in which rat embryonic cerebral cortical or hippocampal neurons are seeded onto culture dishes containing deposits of substrate-bound, fibrillar A beta. The neurons(More)
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