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Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths, but analysis of its molecular and clinical characteristics has been complicated by histological and aetiological heterogeneity. Here we describe a comprehensive molecular evaluation of 295 primary gastric adenocarcinomas as part of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project. We propose a molecular(More)
The E1 (epileptic) mouse is considered a model for complex partial seizures in humans. Seizures in E1 mice begin around 7-8 weeks of age and persist throughout life. To determine if astrocytic gliosis was present in adult seizing E1 mice, the distribution of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) was studied in the hippocampus using an antibody to GFAP. The(More)
BACKGROUND Papillary renal-cell carcinoma, which accounts for 15 to 20% of renal-cell carcinomas, is a heterogeneous disease that consists of various types of renal cancer, including tumors with indolent, multifocal presentation and solitary tumors with an aggressive, highly lethal phenotype. Little is known about the genetic basis of sporadic papillary(More)
Despite a prolongation of patient survival, the overall response of doxorubicin (DX) treatment on patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains modest. This is largely attributed to the development of tumor drug resistance either at the onset or during the course of treatment. To investigate the genetic changes associated with DX chemo-resistance, we(More)
Approximately one-third of prostate cancer patients present with intermediate risk disease. Interestingly, while this risk group is clinically well defined, it demonstrates the most significant heterogeneity in PSA-based biochemical outcome. Further, the majority of candidate genes associated with prostate cancer progression have been identified using cell(More)
The mechanism of action of AFN-1252, a selective inhibitor of Staphylococcus aureus enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase (FabI), which is involved in fatty acid biosynthesis, was confirmed by using biochemistry, macromolecular synthesis, genetics, and cocrystallization of an AFN-1252-FabI complex. AFN-1252 demonstrated a low propensity for spontaneous(More)
Administration of doxorubicin has been shown to prolong survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, treatment regimen is often complicated by the emergence of drug resistance. The goal of our study is to enhance our understanding on the genetic changes that confer cellular chemoresistance to doxorubicin. To model this insensitive(More)
Analysis of ovarian carcinomas has shown that karyotypes are often highly abnormal and cannot be identified with certainty by conventional cytogenetic methods. In this study, 17 tumors derived from 13 patients were analyzed by a combination of spectral karyotyping (SKY), comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), and expression microarrays. Within the study(More)
Chromosomal rearrangements unraveled by spectral karyotyping (SKY) indicated frequent chromosome 19 translocations in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In an effort to characterize the aberrant 19 rearrangements in HCC, we performed positional mapping by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) in 10 HCC cell lines. SKY analysis indicated structural(More)
Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and microarray expression profiling were used to subclassify DNA and RNA alterations associated with differential response to chemotherapy in ovarian cancer. Two to 4 Mb interval arrays were used to map genomic imbalances in 26 sporadic serous ovarian tumors. Cytobands 1p36, 1q42-44, 6p22.1-p21.2, 7q32.1-q34(More)