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OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of a social support intervention delivered to pregnant adolescent girls between 32 and 36 weeks of gestation in preventing symptoms of depression at 6 weeks postpartum. DESIGN The study used a repeated measures design. SETTING Data were collected at a teenage parenting program, an(More)
The revised attribution questionnaire (r-AQ) measures mental illness stigma. This study's purpose is to evaluate the factor structure of the (r-AQ) and examine the validity of the factor structure in adolescents. A convenience sample (n = 210) of adolescents completed the r-AQ and these data were used in exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses(More)
The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale has widespread use internationally with adult women, but few psychometric properties have been described for samples of adolescent mothers. The purpose of this paper is to validate the psychometric properties of the EPDS in a sample of adolescent mothers (n = 149) in a southern, urban area of the United States.(More)
AIMS Screening for symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) is an important preliminary step to diagnosis and treatment, but the effectiveness of depression screening is dependent on the reliability and validity of the screening instruments in the population. Both the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies of(More)
The purpose of this school-based cluster-randomized trial was to determine the initial acceptability, feasibility, and efficacy of an existing community-based intervention, In Our Own Voice, in a sample of US adolescent girls aged 13-17 years (n = 156). In Our Own Voice is a knowledge-contact intervention that provides knowledge about mental illness to(More)
Discrepancies between prenatal social support expectations and subsequent perceptions of support actually received were examined in relation to postpartum depression. Low-risk primiparous women (N = 105) were surveyed 1 month before and 1 month after delivery. Almost half of the women prenatally and one third postpartially had depression scores which would(More)
PURPOSE A literature review to contrast the role of social and professional support in improving maternal and infant outcomes in pregnant and parenting women. In addition, recommendations are made for future research and policy and program development concerning support needed by pregnant and parenting women. DATA SOURCES Data were limited to published(More)
The contextual and environmental factors that may affect mothering and perceptions of the maternal role in today's increasingly diverse society are described. Following a historical overview of the development of maternal role theory within the nursing literature, the influence of images and myths in Western society, race/ethnicity, cultural background, and(More)
PURPOSE To describe the relationship between postpartum support and depressive symptoms in a sample of African-American women of low socioeconomic status. DESIGN Descriptive correlational design using a convenience sample. METHOD Fifty-seven African-American women at 4 to 6 weeks' postpartum were interviewed as they waited for their infant to receive a(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the extent to which a causal model developed from a theoretical formulation of postpartum depression was consistent with data collected from three groups of postpartum women. In this cross-sectional, correlational design, the samples consisted of primarily middle-class, Caucasian mothers of term infants and preterm(More)