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PURPOSE There is an increasing need for vascular grafts in the field of surgical revascularization. Artificial grafts offer alternative strategies to autologous tissue, however, small caliber (diameter <6 mm) 
vascular prosthesis are associated with a high incidence of thrombosis and early failure. Despite promising results, vascular tissue engineering is(More)
The regeneration in the peripheral nervous system is often incomplete and the treatment of severe lesions with nerve tissue loss is primarily aimed at recreating nerve continuity. Guide tubes of various types, filled with Schwann cells, stem cells, or nerve growth factors are attractive as an alternative therapy to nerve grafts. In this study, we evaluated(More)
Titanium-based implants are successfully used for various biomedical applications. However, in some cases, e.g. in dental implants, failures due to bacterial colonization are reported. Surface modification is a commonly proposed strategy to prevent infections. In this work, titanium oxide, naturally occurring on the surface of titanium, was modified by(More)
Percutaneous devices are extensively used in modern medicine therapies, even in long term applications. Complications from their use, related to bacterial colonization and/or to materials thrombogenicity, may result in a significant morbidity and mortality incidence. In this study, a novel polycarbonate-urethane (PCU), incorporating a tailor-made(More)
PURPOSE Presently there is interest today in designing improved titanium surfaces capable of high bioactivity in order to promote strong anchorage of the bone surrounding implants while at the same time discouraging bioadhesion. Poly(ethylene glycol)-modified (PEG) alkane phosphate and OH-terminated alkane phosphates have been demonstrated to be(More)
Processing silk fibroin (SF) by electrospinning offers a very attractive opportunity for producing three-dimensional nanofibrillar matrices in tubular form, which may be useful for a biomimetic approach to small calibre vessel regeneration. Bypass grafting of small calibre vessels, with a diameter less than 6mm, is performed mainly using autografts, like(More)
Adipose tissue is a highly specialized connective tissue found either in white or brown forms, the white form being the most abundant in adult humans. Loss or damage of white adipose tissue due to aging or pathological conditions needs reconstructive approaches. To date, two main strategies are being investigated for generating functional adipose tissue:(More)
Silk fibroin (SF) is a highly promising protein for its surface and structural properties, associated with a good bio- and hemo-compatibility. However, its mechanical properties and architecture cannot be easily tailored to meet the requirements of specific applications. In this work, SF was used to modify the surface properties of polyurethanes (PUs), thus(More)
The relative chemical stability of two commercially available polyurethanes-Pellethane, currently used in biomedical devices, and Corethane, considered as a potential biomaterial-was investigated following aging protocols in hydrolytic and oxidative conditions (HOC, water, hydrogen peroxide, and nitric acid) and in physiological media (PHM, phosphate(More)
In bone tissue reconstruction, the use of engineered constructs created by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that differentiate and proliferate into 3D porous scaffolds is an appealing alternative to clinical therapies. Human placenta represents a possible source of MSCs, as it is readily available without invasive procedures and because of the phenotypic(More)