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OBJECTIVE We aimed to provide information that can be used as a guide to clinicians when advising breastfeeding mothers on normal lactation with regard to the frequency and volume of breastfeedings and the fat content of breast milk. METHODS Mothers (71) of infants who were 1 to 6 months of age and exclusively breastfeeding on demand test-weighed their(More)
BACKGROUND Mammary stem cells have been extensively studied as a system to delineate the pathogenesis and treatment of breast cancer. However, research on mammary stem cells requires tissue biopsies which limit the quantity of samples available. We have previously identified putative mammary stem cells in human breast milk, and here, we further(More)
Currently there is no simple method available to assess milk ejection and breast milk flow in lactating women in both the clinical and research setting. The authors hypothesize that changes in milk flow rate are associated with milk ejection and therefore may provide a method suitable for the assessment of milk ejection and removal. Mothers (n = 23)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of the strength of applied vacuum on the flow rate and yield of breastmilk using an electric breast pump. STUDY DESIGN Twenty-one breastfeeding mothers and two expressing mothers expressed their breastmilk for 15 minutes using an electric breast pump set at their own maximum comfortable vacuum, and at one to three softer(More)
The incorporation of distributed control systems in power plants has become increasingly standard. However, particularly under alarm conditions, ease of access to plant-wide signals complicates the task of monitoring plant operation. Data mining techniques are ideally suited to dealing with such data, which tends to be highly correlated and collinear.(More)
BACKGROUND Milk ejection is a transient episode critical to milk removal and women typically have multiple milk ejections during breastfeeding and pumping. Recently it was found that milk ejection characteristics such as number of milk ejections and periodicity were consistent throughout 12 months of lactation in women who expressed their milk with an(More)
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