M Cormarèche-Leydier

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The thermoregulatory behaviour of 6 rats was studied during exposure to cold and warm ambient temperatures after either the preoptic area or the cervical spinal cord had been intermittently cooled for an average of 130 h. The precooled animals worked more for heat in cold environments and for cool air in a warm environment than the control animals. This(More)
In rats, we tested the hypothesis that capsaicin desensitization reduces hypothalamic warm thermosensitivity. We locally heated and cooled the hypothalamus using water-perfused thermodes while observing thermoregulatory variables. In untreated rats, a small dose of capsaicin had profound effects on thermoregulation. However, desensitizing rats to capsaicin(More)
In 7 frogs (Rana esculenta) weighing 70 to 180 g, thermopreferendum (Thp), measured by recording cutaneous temperature (Ts) in the animal placed in the warm end of an aqueous temperature gradient (0 degree C-40 degrees C), equalled 25 +/- 2 degrees C. After an intraperitoneal (IP) injection of 20 mg/kg of capsaicin, Thp was significantly decreased and(More)
3 dogs could behaviourally modify their own spinal cord temperature (Tspin. cord). In a hot environment, 2 dogs did not cool their spinal cord, 1 dog warmed it. The higher the environmental temperature, the higher the chosen Tspin. cord. These results seem to imply that this latter dog tended, in warm environment, to behaviourally reduce: Ts greater than(More)
Rats with a chronic thermode implanted in their spinal canal could bar-press to warm or cool their spinal cord. With a "cold" lever, they cooled their spinal canal less in a cold environment than in a warm environment. With a "warm" lever they behaved in the same way, i.e., warmed their spinal canal more in a warm than in a cold environment. In a two-lever(More)
Capsaicin is described as disturbing the autonomic responses to stress-inducing environments. The effects of capsaicin (130 mg/kg in 2 series of subcutaneous injections) on emotionality responses were studied in 19 Sprague-Dawley male rats using the open-field test. Eleven rats treated with isotonic saline served as controls. Emotionality (E) measured(More)
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