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A surgical approach to the cat's VIIIth nerve has been developed which allows recordings to be made from efferent fibers of the olivocochlear bundle (OCB) as well as primary afferent fibers, without compromising the acoustic responsiveness of either ear. The designation of OCB fibers as those with regular interspike intervals was confirmed in five cases by(More)
Cochlear efferent and afferent units were recorded from the spiral ganglion in anesthetized guinea pigs. Efferent units were identified by their regular discharge patterns and their long response latencies to tone bursts. In some cases these physiological criteria were confirmed by anatomical tracing of single axons labeled with horseradish peroxidase.(More)
Cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs) express alpha9 nACh receptors and are contacted by descending, predominately cholinergic, efferent fibers originating in the CNS. Mice carrying a null mutation for the nACh alpha9 gene were produced to investigate its role(s) in auditory processing and development of hair cell innervation. In alpha9 knockout mice, most OHCs(More)
This report documents slow changes in cochlear responses produced by electrical stimulation of the olivocochlear bundle (OCB), which provides efferent innervation to the hair cells of the cochlea. These slow changes have time constants of 25-50 sec, three orders of magnitude slower than those reported previously. Such "slow effects" are similar to(More)
The retinoblastoma protein pRb is required for cell-cycle exit of embryonic mammalian hair cells but not for their early differentiation. However, its role in postnatal hair cells is unknown. To study the function of pRb in mature animals, we created a new conditional mouse model, with the Rb gene deleted primarily in the inner ear. Progeny survive up to 6(More)
  • M C Brown
  • 1987
Cochlear afferent and efferent fibers in the guinea pig were labeled by focal extracellular injections of horseradish peroxidase into the spiral ganglion of the basal turn. The morphology and pattern of termination of these fibers were studied by light microscopy. Fibers labeled by injections into the peripheral side of the ganglion could be grouped on the(More)
The cholinergic efferent fibers to the outer hair cells (OHCs) of the mammalian cochlea suppress sound-evoked activity of the auditory nerve on two time scales via one nicotinic receptor. A rapid action (tens of milliseconds) is responsible for modulating auditory nerve responses to acoustic stimulation. A slower action (tens of seconds) may protect the ear(More)
1. Antidromic responses of single units in the guinea pig spiral ganglion were recorded in response to shocks to the auditory nerve root. The orthodromic responses of these units were also recorded in response to sound. The aim of this study was 1) to classify units according to their response patterns to shocks and to sound and 2) to propose anatomic types(More)
Type II auditory nerve fibers, which provide the primary afferent innervation of outer hair cells of the cochlea, project thin fibers centrally and form synapses in the cochlear nucleus. We investigated the postsynaptic targets of these synapses, which are unknown. Using serial-section electron microscopy of fibers labeled with horseradish peroxidase, we(More)
  • M C Brown
  • 1987
Efferent axons to the guinea pig cochlea were labeled by extracellular injections of horseradish peroxidase into the intraganglionic spiral bundle within the spiral ganglion. The terminal fibers formed by these axons were classified according to their patterns of termination within the basal turn of the cochlea. A class of terminal fibers designated(More)