M. Carmen Martínez

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Phosphatidylinositol 4 phosphate [PI(4)P] is essential for secretion in yeast, but its role in mammalian cells is unclear. Current paradigms propose that PI(4)P acts primarily as a precursor to phosphatidylinositol 4,5 bisphosphate (PIP2), an important plasma membrane regulator. We found that PI(4)P is enriched in the mammalian Golgi, and used RNA(More)
The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is a damaging pest worldwide with a wide range of host plants and an extreme record of pesticide resistance. Recently, the complete T. urticae genome has been published and showed a proliferation of gene families associated with digestion and detoxification of plant secondary compounds which supports its(More)
BACKGROUND Cystatins and their putative targets, the families of cysteine proteinases C1A and C13 play key roles in plants. Comparative genomic analyses are powerful tools to obtain valuable insights into the conservation and evolution of the proteinases and their proteinaceous inhibitors, and could aid to elucidate issues concerning the function of these(More)
Cysteine peptidases in the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae are involved in essential physiological processes, including proteolytic digestion. Cystatins and thyropins are inhibitors of cysteine peptidases that modulate their activity, although their function in this species has yet to be investigated. Comparative genomic analyses are powerful(More)
An EST, encoding a strawberry phytocystatin (PhyCys) obtained from a developing fruit of Fragariaxananassa cv. Elsanta has been characterized. The corresponding gene (Cyf1) had three introns interrupting its ORF that codes for a protein (FaCPI-1) of 235 amino acid residues with a putative signal peptide of 29 residues and an estimated molecular mass for the(More)
S-Nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) is a bioactive, stable, and mobile reservoir of nitric oxide (NO), and an important player in defence responses to herbivory and pathogen attack in plants. It has been demonstrated previously that GSNO reductase (GSNOR) is the main enzyme responsible for the in vivo control of intracellular levels of GSNO. In this study, the role(More)
A barley cDNA clone encoding a putative cysteine protease with sequence homology to cathepsin B from mammalian cells has been characterized. This barley gene (CatB) is ubiquitously expressed, its mRNA being detected in leaves and roots, immature, mature and germinating embryos, in developing endosperms, and in aleurones upon germination, as assessed by(More)
The spider mite Tetranychus urticae is a cosmopolitan agricultural pest with an extensive host plant range and an extreme record of pesticide resistance. Here we present the completely sequenced and annotated spider mite genome, representing the first complete chelicerate genome. At 90 megabases T. urticae has the smallest sequenced arthropod genome.(More)
The piriform cortex (PC) was studied in the adult rat with anilines, rapid Golgi and Golgi-Colonnier techniques. As in other animals in the PC of the adult rat three layers can be distinguished: layer I or plexiform layer, layer II or superficial cellular layer and layer III or deep cellular layer. Golgi impregnations allowed to describe seven different(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to investigate in rat mesenteric artery rings whether low concentrations of vasopressin could modify the contractile responses to noradrenaline and electrical stimulation of perivascular nerves. 2. Vasopressin (10[10]-10[-7] M) caused concentration-dependent contractions (pD2 = 8.36+/-0.09). The V1-receptor antagonist(More)