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Hop stunt viroid (HSVd) is able to infect a number of herbaceous and woody hosts, such as grapevine, Citrus or Prunus plants. Previous phylogenetic analyses have suggested the existence of three major groups of HSVd isolates (plum-type, hop-type and citrus-type). The fact that these groups often contain isolates from only a limited number of isolation hosts(More)
We have characterized the bisegmented genome of a novel double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) virus isolated from the plant pathogenic fungus Verticillium albo-atrum. We determined that its larger segment (dsRNA1) was 1747 base pairs in length and potentially encoded an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of 539 amino acids, whereas the smaller segment (dsRNA2) was 1517(More)
Among the components of the RNA silencing pathway in plants, RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RDRs) play fundamental roles in antiviral defence. Here, we demonstrate that the Nicotiana benthamiana RDR6 is involved in defence against the bipartite crinivirus (genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV). Additionally, by producing a(More)
A novel double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) mycovirus, designated Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi mycovirus 1 (FodV1), was isolated from a strain of the phytopathogenic fungus F. oxysporum f. sp. dianthi. The FodV1 genome had four dsRNA segments, designated, from the largest to the smallest one, dsRNA 1, 2 3, and 4. Each one of these segments contained a single(More)
As for other bipartite criniviruses (genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae), the genome of Tomato chlorosis virus encodes an RNA silencing suppressor, the protein p22, in the 3′-proximal region of RNA1. This protein has been reported as having one of the longest lasting local suppressor activities when transiently expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana.(More)
The cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum mainly distributed throughout central and northeastern Argentina was intentionally introduced in the Caribbean region in 1957 as a biological control agent of cacti species of the genus Opuntia. This moth invaded during the last 20–30 years the North American continent, threatening the major center of biodiversity of(More)
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