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We conducted a light-microscopic histologic study of the aortic valves of 224 Syrian hamsters aged between 1 and 771 days. Most of the hamsters examined belonged to a single laboratory-inbred family with a high incidence of bicuspid aortic valves (BAVs). In 146 specimens the aortic valve was tricuspid, and in 107 of them the ventral commissure was more or(More)
The condition of coronary arteries and aortic valves was studied in 552 Syrian hamsters belonging to a single family subjected to high endogamous pressure. The study was carried out using a corrosion-cast technique. In 178 hamsters the aortic valve was bicuspid. In 138 specimens, 54 of them with normal aortic valves and 84 with bicuspid aortic valves,(More)
We studied the conditions of the aortic and pulmonary valves of 153 Syrian hamsters belonging to a single family subjected to high endogamous pressure. Semilunar valves of 143 specimens were examined using a stereomicroscope, and in 5 of these cases a histologic study was also performed. The remaining 10 specimens were studied by means of scanning electron(More)
Macrophages play a critical role during the immune response. Like other cells of the immune system, macrophages are produced in large amounts and most of them die through apoptosis. Macrophages survive in the presence of soluble factors, such as IFN-gamma, or extracellular matrix proteins like decorin. The mechanism toward survival requires the blocking of(More)
BACKGROUND Bicuspid aortic valve is the most frequent congenital cardiac malformation in humans. However, the morphogenesis of the defect is still unknown. Previous work showed that, in the Syrian hamster, congenital bicuspid aortic valves with the aortic sinuses arranged in ventrodorsal orientation are expressions of a trait the variation of which takes(More)
Incubation of bone marrow macrophages with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or interferon gamma (IFN gamma) blocks macrophage proliferation. LPS treatment or M-CSF withdrawal arrests the cell cycle at early G1 and induces apoptosis. Treatment of macrophages with IFN gamma stops the cell cycle later, at the G1/S boundary, induces p21Waf1, and does not induce(More)
Decorin is a small proteoglycan that is ubiquitous in the extracellular matrix of mammalian tissues. It has been extensively demonstrated that decorin inhibits tumor cell growth; however, no data have been reported on the effects of decorin in normal cells. Using nontransformed macrophages from bone marrow, results of this study showed that decorin inhibits(More)
Congenital quadricuspid aortic valve is a rare anomaly, the morphogenesis of which remains unclear. In this study we report the case of a Syrian hamster embryo that presented an aortic valve with four valve cushions instead of three. The embryo, aged 12 days and 2 hours postcoitum, was at an early stage of valvulogenesis. It was examined using semithin(More)
Bearing in mind that the Syrian hamster provides an animal model for the study of congenital coronary artery anomalies, we decided to undertake a definition of its normal coronary artery pattern. The sample examined consisted of 1204 specimens. They were studied both histologically and by means of a corrosion-cast technique. The course of the coronary(More)
The condition of the aortic valve and the origin of the coronary arteries were examined in 2413 Syrian hamsters aged between 1 and 823 days, belonging to nine inbred laboratory families. The specimens were studied with either a stereomicroscope, a corrosion-cast technique, or histological techniques (light microscopy). The aortic valve was tricuspid in 1823(More)