M. C. Vantyghem

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OBJECTIVE To describe trends of primary efficacy and safety outcomes of islet transplantation in type 1 diabetes recipients with severe hypoglycemia from the Collaborative Islet Transplant Registry (CITR) from 1999 to 2010. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 677 islet transplant-alone or islet-after-kidney recipients with type 1 diabetes in the CITR(More)
Currently, the major indications for solitary islet transplantation are recurrent severe hypoglycemia and labile glucose control. Quantifying these problems remains subjective. We have developed a scoring system for both hypoglycemia and glycemic lability, established normative data, and used them in patients who have undergone islet transplantation. A(More)
The activation of the interferon (IFN)-alpha system and its relationship with coxsackievirus B (CVB) infection has been analyzed in 56 patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM; 25 children and 31 adults). Elevated levels of IFN-alpha were found in plasma of 70% of patients (39/56), and a positive detection of IFN-alpha mRNA in blood cells by(More)
Gitelman's syndrome (GS) is a rare, autosomal recessive, salt-losing tubulopathy caused by mutations in the SLC12A3 gene, which encodes the thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC). Because 18 to 40% of suspected GS patients carry only one SLC12A3 mutant allele, large genomic rearrangements may account for unidentified mutations. Here, we directly(More)
Enteroviruses may be linked to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The prevalence of enteroviral (EV) infection at onset of adult IDDM was investigated by detection of specific EV sequences in peripheral blood using a reverse transcription and a seminested polymerase chain reaction (seminested RT-PCR). EDTA-treated whole blood samples taken from 12(More)
Non-functioning paragangliomas (Pgls), also called chemodectomas, glomus tumours, or non-chromaffin Pgls, are rare, highly vascularised tumours, originating from neural crest derived chief cells of paraganglia in the head and neck region. The main affected sites are the carotid body, a small chemoreceptive organ that senses blood oxygen level, and the(More)
Various stimuli have been used in clinical practice to test islet function, including intravenous glucose, arginine--both at basal glucose levels and with the hyperglycaemic clamp, tolbutamide, glucagon and glucagon-like peptide 1. The subsequent first phase insulin response (also termed acute insulin response or AIR) to intravenous glucose or arginine has(More)
Type 1 diabetes is an intrinsically unstable condition. However, the term "brittle diabetes" is reserved for those cases in which the instability, whatever its cause, results in disruption of life and often recurrent and/or prolonged hospitalization. It affects 3/1000 insulin-dependent diabetic patients, mainly young women. Its prognosis is poor with lower(More)
The spectrum of adipose tissue diseases ranges from obesity to lipodystrophy, and is accompanied by insulin resistance syndrome, which promotes the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular complications. Lipodystrophy refers to a group of rare diseases characterized by the generalized or partial absence of adipose tissue, and occurs(More)
Diseases due to mutations in the lamin A/C gene (LMNA) are highly heterogeneous, including neuromuscular and cardiac dystrophies, lipodystrophies, and premature ageing syndromes. In this study we characterized the neuromuscular and cardiac phenotypes of patients bearing the heterozygous LMNA R482W mutation, which is the most frequent genotype associated(More)