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BACKGROUND Interferon (IFN)-based therapies could eradicate hepatitis C (HCV) and reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, HCC could still happen after sustained virological response (SVR). We aimed to develop a simple scoring system to predict the risk of HCC development among HCV patients after antiviral therapies. METHODS From 1999(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate smoking attributable mortality (SAM) in Taiwan for the years 2001 through 2020 under scenarios of reductions in smoking rates by 0%, 2%, 4%, and 10% per year. METHOD The smoking attributable fraction (SAF) was used to calculate SAM from the risk experience in following up a large cohort (86 580 people) in Taiwan. Smoking rates were(More)
This nationwide study aimed to provide risk estimates for a panel of infections subsequent to pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) in Taiwan. In this study, we selected 12 050 patients diagnosed with PLA as our study cohort and 60 250 non-PLA patients as our comparison cohort. We individually tracked each subject for a 1-year period beginning with their index(More)
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is associated with impairment of HBV-specific immune responses. Recently, it has been shown that regulatory T (Treg) cells downregulate HBV-specific immune responses but their role in chronic hepatitis B is still controversial. We hypothesized that liver injury enhances the influence of Treg cells on HBV-specific(More)
BACKGROUND Altered immune function after appendicectomy has been associated with autoimmune disease, even though the mechanisms are not clearly elucidated. This study aimed to investigate whether the frequency of new-onset type II diabetes was increased after appendicectomy in a case-control study. METHODS This was a retrospective cohort study from the(More)
This study aims to assess the nephrotoxicity and efficacy of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (tenofovir), telbivudine and entecavir. A retrospective study of 587 patients with chronic hepatitis B treated with tenofovir (n = 170), telbivudine (n = 184) and entecavir (n = 233) for at least 1 year. Renal function and efficacy were assessed. The estimated(More)
Sir, Resveratrol (3,5,4Ј-trihydroxystilbene) is an antifungal agent found in grapes and other plants. 1 Invasion of grapevines by fungi induces the production of resveratrol to ward off the potentially damaging microbes. Recently, resvera-trol has also been shown to have antiviral properties. 2 It is active against the herpes simplex virus. Because(More)
There are limited data comparing the clinical outcomes between telbivudine and entecavir. We consecutively enrolled 115 telbivudine-naive and 115 entecavir-naive chronic hepatitis B patients, who were matched for age, sex, hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status and cirrhosis, and treated for at least 2 years or less than 2 years but had developed resistance.(More)
The effects of cocaine were studied in an identifiable RP4 neuron of the African snail, Achatina fulica Ferussac, using the two-electrode voltage-clamp method. The RP4 neuron generated spontaneous action potentials and bath application of cocaine (0.3-1 mM) reversibly elicited action potential bursts of the central RP4 neuron in a concentration-dependent(More)
Autophagy has an important role in tumor biology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies demonstrated that tissue factor (TF) combined with coagulation factor VII (FVII) has a pathological role by activating a G-protein-coupled receptor called protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) for tumor growth. The present study aimed to investigate the(More)