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This study considers the possible involvement of the tripeptide TRH (thyrotropin releasing hormone) in the physiological regulation of melanophore stimulating hormone (MSH) secretion from the pars intermedia of the toad, Xenopus laevis. TRH was shown to stimulate release of MSH from superfused neurointermediate lobes obtained from white-background adapted(More)
I.c.v. administration of the octadecaneuropeptide (ODN), a peptide derived from diazepam-binding inhibitor (DBI), induces anorexigenic and anxiogenic-like actions in rodents. We have recently shown that, in goldfish, i.c.v. injection of ODN also reduces food consumption via the metabotropic endozepine receptor. However, there is little information regarding(More)
While mammalian dopamine receptors have been extensively characterized, very little attention has been given to these receptors in lower vertebrates. Dopamine is thought to be a physiologically important melanotropin release-inhibiting factor in amphibians. By administering selective dopamine receptor agonists and antagonists to superfused neurointermediate(More)
The localization of CRF-41 related peptide was studied in the brain and posterior pituitary of the homozygous rats for the inherited diabetes insipidus (Brattleboro strain, DI) and of the Long-Evans rats (LE) as control. It was compared to the distribution of vasopressin (AVP), oxytocin (OXY) and OXY-neurophysin (N I). In both strains, CRF-41 was identified(More)
Immunocytochemical studies showed the presence of a fiber system containing a CRF-like peptide in the median eminence and in the neural lobe of the pituitary gland of Xenopus laevis. During in vitro superfusion of neurointermediate lobe tissue, CRF, sauvagine and urotensin I induced a rapid and dose-dependent stimulation of secretion of MSH and endorphin.(More)
Possible co-existence of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), catecholamines, and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the same nerve terminals of the frog intermediate lobe was investigated by immunocytochemistry at the electron microscopic level. Co-localization of GABA and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was studied by using a double immunogold labeling procedure.(More)
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the receptor specificity of dopamine inhibition of gonadotropin (GtH) and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) release from the goldfish (Carassius auratus) pituitary in vitro. Pars distalis (PD) and neurointermediate lobe (NIL) fragments of the goldfish pituitary were superfused in vitro(More)
The ability of corticoliberin (CRF), urotensin I, sauvagine, arginine-vasopressin (AVP), and mesotocin to stimulate ACTH release by frog anterior pituitary cells and alpha-melanotropin (MSH) by frog neurointermediate lobe was studied in vitro using a perifusion technique. CRF and AVP were found to be potent stimulators of ACTH secretion, whereas urotensin I(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a 38-amino acid peptide of the glucagon-secretin-vasoactive intestinal polypeptide superfamily. Although PACAP is a potent stimulator of adenylate cyclase activity in the adenohypophysis, the precise target cells for PACAP in the anterior pituitary remain unknown. The aim of the present study was(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36-amino acid peptide first isolated and characterized from porcine brain extracts. A number of immunocytochemical investigations have been conducted to determine the localization of NPY-containing neurons in various animal species including both vertebrates and invertebrates. These studies have established the widespread(More)