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In order to study the morphological localization of the endogenous benzodiazepine ligand octadecaneuropeptide (ODN) in rat brain, we have developed antibodies against this peptide. Using a radioimmunoassay for ODN, we have observed that synthetic ODN and serial dilutions of several brain areas gave parallel displacement curves. By light microscope(More)
This study considers the possible involvement of the tripeptide TRH (thyrotropin releasing hormone) in the physiological regulation of melanophore stimulating hormone (MSH) secretion from the pars intermedia of the toad, Xenopus laevis. TRH was shown to stimulate release of MSH from superfused neurointermediate lobes obtained from white-background adapted(More)
While mammalian dopamine receptors have been extensively characterized, very little attention has been given to these receptors in lower vertebrates. Dopamine is thought to be a physiologically important melanotropin release-inhibiting factor in amphibians. By administering selective dopamine receptor agonists and antagonists to superfused neurointermediate(More)
I.c.v. administration of the octadecaneuropeptide (ODN), a peptide derived from diazepam-binding inhibitor (DBI), induces anorexigenic and anxiogenic-like actions in rodents. We have recently shown that, in goldfish, i.c.v. injection of ODN also reduces food consumption via the metabotropic endozepine receptor. However, there is little information regarding(More)
Immunocytochemical studies showed the presence of a fiber system containing a CRF-like peptide in the median eminence and in the neural lobe of the pituitary gland of Xenopus laevis. During in vitro superfusion of neurointermediate lobe tissue, CRF, sauvagine and urotensin I induced a rapid and dose-dependent stimulation of secretion of MSH and endorphin.(More)
The localization of CRF-41 related peptide was studied in the brain and posterior pituitary of the homozygous rats for the inherited diabetes insipidus (Brattleboro strain, DI) and of the Long-Evans rats (LE) as control. It was compared to the distribution of vasopressin (AVP), oxytocin (OXY) and OXY-neurophysin (N I). In both strains, CRF-41 was identified(More)
Benzodiazepine receptors are expressed very early in the brain during embryonic life, suggesting that endogenous ligands for these receptors may play an important role during ontogenesis in the central nervous system. In the present study, the distribution and characterization of diazepam-binding inhibitor-related peptides (endozepines) in the rat brain was(More)
The octadecaneuropeptide (ODN; QATVGDVNTDRPGLLDLK) and its C-terminal octapeptide (OP; RPGLLDLK), which exert anxiogenic activity, have been previously shown to increase intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cultured rat astrocytes through activation of a metabotropic receptor positively coupled to phospholipase C. It has also been found that the(More)
Several enzymes involved in the formation of steroids of the pregnene and pregnane series have been identified in the brain, but the biosynthesis of testosterone has never been reported in the central nervous system. In the present study, we have investigated the distribution and bioactivity of 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17beta-HSD) (EC 1.1.1.62;(More)
Astrocytes synthesize a series of peptides called endozepines which act as endogenous ligands of benzodiazepine receptors. The present study demonstrates that the endozepine ODN causes a dose-dependent increase in inositol trisphosphate and a parallel decrease in phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate in cultured rat astrocytes. Pre-incubation of astrocytes with(More)