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We characterized an amphioxus NK-2 homeobox gene (AmphiNk2-1), a homologue of vertebrate Nkx2-1, which is involved in the development of the central nervous system and thyroid gland. At the early neurula stage of amphioxus, AmphiNk2-1 expression is first detected medially in the neural plate. By the mid-neurula stage, expression is localized ventrally in(More)
OBJECTIVE Percutaneous carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) has been used to improve cerebral circulation and autoregulation. However, whether CAS ameliorates the autonomic regulatory dynamics remains unclear. This prospective study examines the neurocardiovascular dynamics following carotid stenting. METHODS Thirty minutes electrocardiograms were(More)
In the present study, we investigated the effects of a nitric oxide (NO) precursor, L-arginine, on the effect of different drugs, [trans-3, 4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl]-benzeneacetamid e hydrochloride] (U-50,488, a kappa-opioid receptor agonist); dPTyr(Me)AVP (a vasopressin receptor antagonist); dizocilpine (MK-801, a(More)
In vivo electrochemical measurements of chronoamperometric recordings from Nafion-coated electrodes were used to investigate monoamine overflow from selected regions of the rat hippocampal slice. Concurrent electrophysiological measurements of evoked CA1 pyramidal cell population spike responses were used to characterize changes in the electrical activity(More)
1. In this study, we investigated the effects of different drugs (a kappa-opioid receptor agonist U-50,488, a vasopressin receptor antagonist dPTyr(Me)AVP or an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801) on the development of morphine tolerance in rat hippocampal slices. 2. Hippocampal slices (450 microm) of Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300 g) were(More)
The effect of pertussis toxin pretreatment on electrophysiological responses to selective delta- and mu-opioid receptor agonists was examined in rat hippocampal brain slices. The evoked population spike response in the CA1 region following activation of the Schaffer collateral and commissural afferents was increased following perfusion with the(More)
Rat locus coeruleus-hippocampus double in oculo brain grafts were studied with high-speed electrochemical techniques to characterize stimulus-evoked overflow of norepinephrine. Local pressure ejections of KCl into the locus coeruleus (LC) portion of the double graft elicited electrochemical signals in the hippocampal portion that had NE-like(More)
The thermal decomposition of ethanol and its reactions with OH and D have been studied with both shock tube experiments and ab initio transition state theory-based master equation calculations. Dissociation rate constants for ethanol have been measured at high T in reflected shock waves using OH optical absorption and high-sensitivity H-atom ARAS detection.(More)
1. The effects of somatostatin (SS, 1 nM-3 microM) on the electrical and mechanical activities of isolated Purkinje fibres of the dog were studied. 2. In most Purkinje fibres driven electrically in normal [K]o Tyrode solution, SS decreased the force of contraction slightly and had very little effect on the fast response action potential. However, in(More)
Primary and secondary reactions involved in the thermal decomposition of NH2OH are studied with a combination of shock tube experiments and transition state theory based theoretical kinetics. This coupled theory and experiment study demonstrates the utility of NH2OH as a high temperature source of OH radicals. The reflected shock technique is employed in(More)