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1. In this study, we investigated the effects of different drugs (a kappa-opioid receptor agonist U-50,488, a vasopressin receptor antagonist dPTyr(Me)AVP or an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801) on the development of morphine tolerance in rat hippocampal slices. 2. Hippocampal slices (450 microm) of Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300 g) were(More)
In the present study, we investigated the effects of a nitric oxide (NO) precursor, L-arginine, on the effect of different drugs, [trans-3, 4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl]-benzeneacetamid e hydrochloride] (U-50,488, a kappa-opioid receptor agonist); dPTyr(Me)AVP (a vasopressin receptor antagonist); dizocilpine (MK-801, a(More)
The effect of L-deprenyl (selegiline) on the excitatory synaptic transmission was characterized in the CA1 neurons of rat hippocampal slices by using a intracellular recording technique. Superfusion of L-deprenyl (0.1-10 microM) reversibly decreased the EPSP, which was evoked by orthodromic stimulation of the Schaffer collateral-commissural afferent pathway(More)
OBJECTIVE Percutaneous carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) has been used to improve cerebral circulation and autoregulation. However, whether CAS ameliorates the autonomic regulatory dynamics remains unclear. This prospective study examines the neurocardiovascular dynamics following carotid stenting. METHODS Thirty minutes electrocardiograms were(More)
The effect of pertussis toxin pretreatment on electrophysiological responses to selective delta- and mu-opioid receptor agonists was examined in rat hippocampal brain slices. The evoked population spike response in the CA1 region following activation of the Schaffer collateral and commissural afferents was increased following perfusion with the(More)
BACKGROUND Findings in the literature have been quite conflicting with respect to predicting residual pleural thickening (RPT) in tuberculous pleurisy (TP). The aim of this study was to determine which sonographic feature of TP might help in predicting the development of RPT. METHODS Eighty-seven patients with TP were enrolled prospectively. The initial(More)
In vivo electrochemical measurements of chronoamperometric recordings from Nafion-coated electrodes were used to investigate monoamine overflow from selected regions of the rat hippocampal slice. Concurrent electrophysiological measurements of evoked CA1 pyramidal cell population spike responses were used to characterize changes in the electrical activity(More)
The reflected shock tube technique with multipass absorption spectrometric detection of OH radicals at 308 nm, using either 36 or 60 optical passes corresponding to total path lengths of 3.25 or 5.25 m, respectively, has been used to study the bimolecular reactions, OH+CF3H-->CF3+H2O (1) and CF3+H2O-->OH+CF3H (-1), between 995 and 1663 K. During the course(More)
The thermal decomposition of ethanol and its reactions with OH and D have been studied with both shock tube experiments and ab initio transition state theory-based master equation calculations. Dissociation rate constants for ethanol have been measured at high T in reflected shock waves using OH optical absorption and high-sensitivity H-atom ARAS detection.(More)
1. The effects of somatostatin (SS, 1 nM-3 microM) on the electrical and mechanical activities of isolated Purkinje fibres of the dog were studied. 2. In most Purkinje fibres driven electrically in normal [K]o Tyrode solution, SS decreased the force of contraction slightly and had very little effect on the fast response action potential. However, in(More)