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The complete genome sequence of the radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans R1 is composed of two chromosomes (2,648,638 and 412,348 base pairs), a megaplasmid (177,466 base pairs), and a small plasmid (45,704 base pairs), yielding a total genome of 3,284, 156 base pairs. Multiple components distributed on the chromosomes and megaplasmid that(More)
The reversible protein phosphorylation on serine or threonine residues that precede proline (pSer/Thr-Pro) is a key signaling mechanism for the control of various cellular processes, including cell division. The pSer/Thr-Pro moiety in peptides exists in the two completely distinct cis and trans conformations whose conversion is catalyzed specifically by the(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) is unique among plant model organisms in having a small genome (130-140 Mb), excellent physical and genetic maps, and little repetitive DNA. Here we report the sequence of chromosome 2 from the Columbia ecotype in two gap-free assemblies (contigs) of 3.6 and 16 megabases (Mb). The latter represents the longest published(More)
Protein-interacting modules help determine the specificity of signal transduction events, and protein phosphorylation can modulate the assembly of such modules into specific signaling complexes. Although phosphotyrosine-binding modules have been well-characterized, phosphoserine- or phosphothreonine-binding modules have not been described. WW domains are(More)
Pin1 is an essential and conserved mitotic peptidyl-prolyl isomerase (PPIase) that is distinct from members of two other families of conventional PPIases, cyclophilins and FKBPs (FK-506 binding proteins). In response to their phosphorylation during mitosis, Pin1 binds and regulates members of a highly conserved set of proteins that overlaps with antigens(More)
Tolerance of anoxia in maize root tips is greatly improved when seedlings are pretreated with 2 to 4 h of hypoxia. We describe the patterns of protein synthesis during hypoxic acclimation and anoxia. We quantified the incorporation of [(35)S]methionine into total protein and 262 individual proteins under different oxygen tensions. Proteins synthesized most(More)
Phosphorylation of mitotic proteins on the Ser/Thr-Pro motifs has been shown to play an important role in regulating mitotic progression. Pin1 is a novel essential peptidyl-prolyl isomerase (PPIase) that inhibits entry into mitosis and is also required for proper progression through mitosis, but its substrate(s) and function(s) remain to be determined. Here(More)
The differentiation of human embryo chondrocytes was markedly induced by the addition of Bt2cAMP to the culture medium. Using this culture system, a novel human cDNA for a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein (named DEC1) expressed primarily in the chondrocytes in response to Bt2cAMP was cloned by the subtractive hybridization method. DEC1 protein consists(More)
A cDNA for RGD-CAP/beta ig-h3 was cloned from a chick embryo chondrocyte cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence showed that the chick RGD-CAP/beta ig-h3 is 76-77% identical with human, mouse and pig forms of the protein, and 43% identical with human and mouse osteoblast specific factor 2 (OSF2). RGD-CAP/beta ig-h3 contained four internal repeat(More)
DEC1 is a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein related to Drosophila Hairy, Enhancer of split and HES, and involved in the control of proliferation and/or differentiation of chondrocytes, neurons, etc. We report here the identification and characterization of human, mouse and rat DEC2, a novel member of the DEC subfamily. DEC2 had high (97%) and moderate(More)