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UNLABELLED Here, we describe a tool for VARiability Analysis of DNA microarrays experiments (VARAN), a freely available Web server that performs a signal intensity based analysis of the log2 expression ratio variability deduced from DNA microarray data (one or two channels). Two modules are proposed: VARAN generator to compute a sliding windows analysis of(More)
The central nervous system of persons with Down syndrome presents cytoarchitectural abnormalities that likely result from gene-dosage effects affecting the expression of key developmental genes. To test this hypothesis, we have investigated the transcriptome of the cerebellum of the Ts1Cje mouse model of Down syndrome during postnatal development using(More)
An imbalance between inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmission has been proposed to contribute to altered brain function in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and accordingly treatment with GABA-A antagonists can efficiently restore cognitive functions(More)
To understand the aetiology and the phenotypic severity of Down syndrome, we searched for transcriptional signatures in a substructure of the brain (cerebellum) during post-natal development in a segmental trisomy 16 model, the Ts1Cje mouse. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of trisomy on changes in gene expression across development(More)
UNLABELLED Oligonucleotide microarray probes are designed to match specific transcripts present in databases that are regularly updated. As a consequence probes should be checked every new database release. We thus developed an informatics tool allowing the semi-automatic update of probe collections of long oligonucleotides and applied it to the mouse(More)
Transmembrane protein 50b, Tmem50b, previously referred to as C21orf4, encodes a predicted transmembrane protein and is one of few genes significantly over-expressed during cerebellar development in a Down syndrome mouse model, Ts1Cje. In order to assess potential mechanisms by which Tmem50b could contribute to Down syndrome-related phenotypes, we(More)
Alzheimer disease lesions include the abnormal accumulation of two proteins normally present in neurons: tau protein and Abeta peptide. Tau protein aggregates into fibrils in the cell body of neurons (neurofibrillary tangles), in dendrites (neuropil threads) and in degenerating axons that constitute the corona of the senile plaque. Tau pathology progresses(More)
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