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The underlying neurobiology of autism, a severe pervasive developmental disorder, remains unknown. Few neocortical brain MRI abnormalities have been reported. Using rest functional brain imaging, two independent studies have described localized bilateral temporal hypoperfusion in children with primary autism. In order to search for convergent evidence of(More)
A RIA procedure for measuring progesterone (PROG), 5 alpha-pregnane-3,20-dione (5 alpha-DH PROG), and 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one (3 alpha,5 alpha-TH PROG) has been developed and validated by GLC/mass spectrometry. Measurements were made in intact and adrenalectomized (ADX) male rats, in cyclic, pregnant, spayed, and spayed-ADX females, and in(More)
INTRODUCTION Molecular genetic research has mainly focused on the D4 dopamine receptor (DRD4) and the dopamine transporter (DAT) genes in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A recent meta-analysis showed that the DRD4 gene has a significant role in the vulnerability to ADHD. OBJECTIVES With an equal number of positive and negative association(More)
Beraprost sodium (BPS) is an orally stable analogue of prostacyclin that inhibits adenylate-cyclase-dependent platelet aggregation and is proposed for treatment of chronic arterial occlusion. To determine the duration and intensity of platelet antiaggregation with BPS, 12 healthy, nonsmoking, male white volunteers participated in a double-blind,(More)
The new angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor trandolapril 2 mg was administered daily for 10 consecutive days to young (mean age +/- SEM 44.1 +/- 2.3 years; n = 10) and elderly (mean age +/- SEM 69.3 +/- 0.9 years; n = 14) patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. All groups had similar baseline blood pressures: mean 164/100 mm Hg. Maximal(More)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) is a common disorder in school-aged children and is associated with significant impairment in social and academic functioning. Its recognition is based on congruent information from different sources, because most ADHD children and adolescents are not completely aware of impairments caused by inattention and/or(More)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder observed during childhood, detected in 3% to 5% of school-age children. The disorder is characterised by marked inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. In most cases, symptoms can be treated by catecholamine-releasing drugs, such as methylphenidate. Children with ADHD are(More)
Pharmacogenetic studies investigating the 40-bp VNTR polymorphism at SLC6A3 and methylphenidate response have shown conflicting results and large differences in study design and efficacy endpoints. Our objective was to investigate the relation between the 3'-VNTR at SLC6A3 and variability in methylphenidate response in a sample of 141 ADHD children and(More)
Discrepancies in the role of the 40 bp VNTR polymorphism of the dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) could be due to various sources of genetic or phenotypical heterogeneity. We therefore analyzed a sample of 146 ADHD children and their parents, with a transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) design, assessing(More)
A new, long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, trandolapril, was administered daily for 10 days to 13 patients with chronic renal failure [CRF; creatinine clearance (CLCR) 7-55 ml/min/1.73 m2) and 8 healthy volunteers (CLCR > 80 ml/min/1.73 m2)]. Plasma ACE inhibition parameters were the same, irrespective of the degree of renal(More)