M C Kavanagh

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hypoxia appears to be an important factor in predicting tumor relapse following radiation therapy. This study measured oxygenation prior to treatment in patients with cervix cancer using a polarographic oxygen electrode to determine if oxygenation was an important prognostic factor with regard to tumor control and survival. (More)
BACKGROUND Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) is elevated in many animal and human tumors. The authors assessed tumor IFP and its relation to tumor oxygenation in a prospective clinical study of patients with cervical carcinoma. METHODS Measurements were made in 77 patients with cervical carcinoma prior to treatment. IFP was measured in normal paravaginal(More)
Using five transplantable murine tumors (SCC-VII, B16F1, KHT-C, KHT-LP1, RIF-1), measurements of tumor hypoxia have been made with two techniques which have the potential to be used for assessing oxygenation in human tumors (the Eppendorf pO2 Histograph and binding of [3H]misonidazole) and have been compared with an established radiobiological technique,(More)
The relationship between tumour oxygenation in vivo and metastatic potential was investigated in 2 rodent tumour models, KHT-C fibrosarcoma and SCC-VII squamous cell carcinoma. The oxygen status in these rodent tumours transplanted intramuscularly in syngeneic mice was measured using the Eppendorf pO2 Histograph. The results indicate a considerable(More)
Twelve subjects received a single oral dose (300 mg) of gabapentin and serial blood and urine samples were collected for drug measurements. Oral phenobarbitone (30-90 mg/day) was then administered to steady-state, and the gabapentin single dose study was repeated on day 42. Gabapentin was administered from days 49 to 52 to achieved steady-state, and further(More)
PURPOSE Measurements of oxygenation in the transplanted rodent KHT-C and SCC-VII tumors demonstrate significant heterogeneity from tumor to tumor as is observed in human tumors. This finding suggests that heterogeneity in oxygenation between tumors is likely related to factors associated with tumor growth rather than to intrinsic genetic differences. In(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between different techniques for measuring oxygen levels in a murine tumor model. METHODS AND MATERIALS Using the murine fibrosarcoma line KHT-C, five techniques of measuring oxygen levels-the Eppendorf pO2 Histograph, EF5 binding, the comet assay, a paired survival assay, and an in vivo growth delay assay-were(More)
The alkaline comet assay was used to detect the hypoxic fractions of murine tumors. A total of four tumor types were tested using needle aspiration biopsies taken immediately after a radiation dose of 15 Gy. Initial studies confirmed that the normalized tail moment, a parameter reflecting single-strand DNA breaks induced by the radiation, was linearly(More)
Hypoxia affects the sensitivity of cells to radiation. Hence there is considerable interest in the development and assessment of techniques for measuring oxygen levels. In the work described here, we explore the use of tumor needle biopsies (fine needle aspirates) in an assay that is standard in the field of radiation biology: the paired survival assay. We(More)
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