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Since a dysregulated synthesis of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) may be involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, it was of interest to precisely locate the recently reported NcoI restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of the TNF-alpha region. However, by mapping of 56.8 kb of overlapping cosmid clones and direct sequencing, we(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The prospective comparison of patients with acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) who spontaneously clear the virus with those who cannot achieve viral elimination and progress to chronic hepatitis offers the unique opportunity to analyze natural mechanisms of viral elimination. METHODS We studied the HCV-specific CD4(+) T-cell response in 38(More)
In acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection only 20-50% of patients spontaneously clear the virus. To characterise the immune reaction during that phase we studied the response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to the recombinant HCV proteins core, non-structural protein 3 (NS3), NS4, and NS5 in 14 patients with acute hepatitis C. All eight(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) sets up persistent infection in the majority of those exposed. It is likely that, as with other persistent viral infections, the efficacy of T-lymphocyte responses influences long-term outcome. However, little is known about the functional capacity of HCV-specific T-lymphocyte responses induced after acute infection. We investigated(More)
The type of hepatitis B virus ("wild-type" or precore mutant) in anti-e antigen antibody-positive carriers, viral DNA levels in the serum, and core and e antigen expression in the liver were investigated to search for a possible correlation of these factors with the severity of liver damage. Two major groups of patients were found: the patients in group A(More)
CD8+ T lymphocytes play a major role in antiviral immune defense. Their significance for acute hepatitis C is unclear. Our aim was to correlate the CD8+ T cell response with the outcome of infection. Eighteen patients with acute hepatitis C and 19 normal donors were studied. Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CD8+ T cells were identified in the enzyme-linked(More)
In acute and chronic viral disease the specific response of CD4+ T lymphocytes to certain viral proteins is an essential part of antiviral effector mechanisms. In hepatitis C virus infection, the contribution of the immune system and particularly of CD4+ T lymphocytes to the pathogenesis of disease is unknown. We serially determined the peripheral blood(More)
In acute hepatitis C virus infection, 50 to 70% of patients develop chronic disease. Considering the low rate of spontaneous viral clearance during chronic hepatitis C infection, the first few months of interaction between the patient's immune system and the viral population seem to be crucial in determining the outcome of infection. We previously reported(More)
Overcoming hepatitis B virus infection essentially depends on the appropriate immune response of the infected host. Among the hepatitis B virus antigens, the core (HBcAg) and e (HBeAg) proteins appear highly immunogenic and induce important lymphocyte effector functions. In order to investigate the importance of HBcAg/HBeAg-specific T lymphocytes in(More)
T cells are believed to be the main players in antiviral defence. To investigate the role of the specific CD4+ T cell response for clearance and control of the hepatitis C virus we studied patients with acute hepatitis C (AHC) during the phase of spontaneous viral clearance and during follow up after elimination of the virus and resolution of disease.(More)