M. C. Giocondi

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Several cell surface eukaryotic proteins have a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) modification at the C-terminal end that serves as an anchor to the plasma membrane and could be responsible for the presence of GPI proteins in rafts, a type of functionally important membrane microdomain enriched in sphingolipids and cholesterol. In order to understand(More)
The lipid rafts membrane microdomains, enriched in sphingolipids and cholesterol, are implicated in numerous functions of biological membranes. Using atomic force microscopy, we have examined the effects of cholesterol-loaded methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MbetaCD-Chl) addition to liquid disordered (l(d))-gel phase separated dioleoylphosphatidylcholine(More)
The physical state of membrane lipids and relationships with the activity of Na+-K+-ATPase and alkaline phosphatase were studied in basolateral and brush border membranes of the dog kidney. Fluorescence polarization and electron spin resonance experiments demonstrate that basolateral membranes are much more fluid than brush border membranes. This can be(More)
The proximal tubule appears to be the main target for the adverse effects of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cDDP). We evaluated the early effects of cDDP at concentrations (3 to 67 microM) lower that those which alter cell viability, on three apical transport systems and on the physical state of the brush border membrane (BBM) in rabbit proximal tubule(More)
In this brief review, we present three-dimensional images of living Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells and CV-1 cells that illustrate the possibilities and limits in the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) for studying the topography of the cell surfaces and of isolated biological membranes. We show that microvilli can be imaged at the surface of(More)
The external membrane leaflet plays a key role in the organization of the cell plasma membrane as a mosaic of ordered microdomains enriched in sphingolipids and cholesterol and of fluid domains. In this study, the thermotropic behavior and the topology of bilayers made of a phosphatidylcholine/sphingomyelin mixture, which mimicks the lipid composition of(More)
The plasma membrane outer leaflet plays a key role in determining the existence of rafts and detergent-resistant membrane domains. Monolayers with lipid composition mimicking that of the outer leaflet of renal brush border membranes (BBM) have been deposited on mica and studied by atomic force microscopy. Sphingomyelin (SM) and palmitoyloleoyl(More)
Characterization of the two-dimensional organization of biological membranes is one of the most important issues that remains to be achieved in order to understand their structure-function relationships. According to the current view, biological membranes would be organized in in-plane functional microdomains. At least for one category of them, called(More)
The outer hair cells (OHCs) from the mammalian organ of Corti are assumed to enhance the sensitivity and the selectivity of the cochlea via an electromotile response to sound stimulation. These OHC mechanical changes feed energy back into the cochlea before completion of the transduction process by inner hair cells. OHC electromotility is thought to depend(More)