M. C. Ganoza

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EF-P (eubacterial elongation factor P) is a highly conserved protein essential for protein synthesis. We report that EF-P protects 16S rRNA near the G526 streptomycin and the S12 and mRNA binding sites (30S T-site). EF-P also protects domain V of the 23S rRNA proximal to the A-site (50S T-site) and more strongly the A-site of 70S ribosomes. We suggest that(More)
Current X-ray diffraction and cryoelectron microscopic data of ribosomes of eubacteria have shed considerable light on the molecular mechanisms of translation. Structural studies of the protein factors that activate ribosomes also point to many common features in the primary sequence and tertiary structure of these proteins. The reconstitution of the(More)
A soluble protein factor was isolated, free of elongation factor (EF)-T and EF-G, based on its ability to stimulate the synthesis of peptide bonds using ribosomal bound 70S-AUG-N-formyl-[35S]methionyl-tRNA complex and added puromycin as substrates. Over 90% of this activity was found in the ribosome-free cytoplasm of Escherichia coli extracts. Otherfeatures(More)
Bacterial elongation factor P (EF-P) is the ortholog of archaeal and eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). EF-P shares sequence homology and crystal structure with eIF5A, but unlike eIF5A, EF-P does not undergo hypusine modification. Recently, two bacterial genes, yjeA and yjeK, encoding truncated homologs of class II lysyl-tRNA synthetase and of(More)
Elongation factor EF-P is a soluble protein that stimulates peptide bond synthesis catalyzed by the 50-S ribosomal subunit. This factor was previously identified and characterized based on its ability to promote the synthesis of formylmethionine-puromycin. In the present work, we tested the ability of EF-P to promote peptide bond synthesis between(More)
The oxazolidinones represent a new class of antimicrobial agents which are active against multidrug-resistant staphylococci, streptococci, and enterococci. Previous studies have demonstrated that oxazolidinones inhibit bacterial translation in vitro at a step preceding elongation but after the charging of N-formylmethionine to the initiator tRNA molecule.(More)
Elongation factor P (EFP) is a protein that stimulates the peptidyltransferase activity of fully assembled 70 S prokaryotic ribosomes and enhances the synthesis of certain dipeptides initiated by N-formylmethionine. This reaction appears conserved throughout species and is promoted in eukaryotic cells by a homologous protein, eIF5A. Here we ask whether the(More)
We have previously isolated and described an Escherichia coli ribosome-bound ATPase, RbbA, that is required for protein synthesis in the presence of ATP, GTP and the elongation factors, EF-Tu and EF-G. The gene encoding RbbA, yhih, has been cloned and the deduced protein sequence harbors two ATP-motifs and one RNA-binding motif and is homologous to the(More)
The oxazolidinones are a new class of potent antibiotics that are active against a broad spectrum of Gram-positive bacterial pathogens including those resistant to other antibiotics. These drugs specifically inhibit protein biosynthesis whereas DNA and RNA synthesis are not affected. Although biochemical and genetic studies indicate that oxazolidinones(More)
The requirements for peptide-bond synthesis and transesterification reactions of Escherichia coli 70S ribosomes, 50S native or reconstructed 50S subunits were examined using fMet-tRNA as donor substrate and puromycin or alpha-hydroxypuromycin as acceptors. We report that the soluble protein EF-P, purified to apparent homogeneity, stimulates the synthesis of(More)