M-C François

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Sequences coding for chemosensory proteins (CSP) CSPMbraA and CSPMbraB, soluble proteins of low mol. wt, have been amplified using polymerase chain reaction on antennal and pheromonal gland complementary DNAs. On the basis of their sequences, these proteins could be classed in the 'OS-D like' protein family whose first member was described in Drosophila,(More)
A new family of candidate chemosensory ionotropic receptors (IRs) related to ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) was recently discovered in Drosophila melanogaster. Through Blast analyses of an expressed sequenced tag library prepared from male antennae of the noctuid moth Spodoptera littoralis, we identified 12 unigenes encoding proteins related to D.(More)
Soluble, low molecular weight proteins were immunodetected in proboscis extracts of Mamestra brassicae males by Western blot, using antibodies raised against the general odorant-binding protein of the moth Antheraea polyphemus. The same antibodies weakly labelled the sensillum lymph and subcuticular space of sensilla styloconica on ultrathin sections of the(More)
In insect antennae, olfaction depends on olfactory receptors (ORs) that function through heterodimerization with an unusually highly conserved partner orthologue to the Drosophila melanogaster DOR83b. Here, we report the identification of two cDNAs encoding new DOR83b orthologues that represent the first members, although nonconventional, of the OR families(More)
Sex pheromone biosynthesis in a number of moth species is induced by a conserved 33-amino acid amidated neuropeptide PBAN (pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide). Here, using immunoblotting and bioassay, we present evidence for the presence of a very similar peptide, called Mab-PBAN, in the brain-subesophageal ganglion complex of Mamestra brassicae(More)
The general odorant-binding protein 2 of Mamestra brassicae males has been purified from antennal extracts and examined in binding assays with pheromone components of this species and a behavioral antagonist, cis-11-hexadecenol. The protein showed high affinity for the latter compound and no affinity for the pheromone components. In addition, expression of(More)
Rapid degradation of odours after interaction with olfactory receptors is a critical step of the signal reception process. However, the implied mechanisms are still largely unknown in vertebrates as well as in insects. Involvement of odourant-degrading enzymes in odourant degradation within the antennae has been shown in some insect species and, in(More)
Signal termination is a crucial step in the dynamic of the olfactory process. It involves different classes of odorant-degrading enzymes. Whereas aldehyde oxidase enzymatic activities have been demonstrated in insect antennae by previous biochemical studies, the corresponding enzymes have never been characterized at the molecular level. In the cabbage(More)
Circadian rhythms are generated by endogenous circadian clocks, organized in central and peripheral clocks. An antennal peripheral clock has been demonstrated to be necessary and sufficient to generate Drosophila olfactory rhythms in response to food odours. As moth pheromonal communication has been demonstrated to follow daily rhythms, we thus investigated(More)
Two cDNA clones encoding pheromone binding proteins (PBPs) were isolated from antennal cDNA of Mamestra brassicae by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends-PCR (RACE-PCR) performed with specific primers deduced from the N-terminal sequences of two PBPs previously reported. The deduced protein sequences(More)