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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have recently been used successfully in humans to control severe graft-versus-host disease. However, the mechanisms involved in their immunomodulatory effects remain a matter of debate. Here, we show that MSC are unable to activate allogeneic T cells even in the presence of T-cell growth factors. We then found that MSC inhibit(More)
VP22, a structural protein from herpes simplex virus type I, exhibits the unique property of intercellular trafficking. This protein is exported from primary expressing cells and subsequently imported into neighbouring cells. This property is conserved when VP22 is genetically fused to a protein, making it a promising tool to enhance the delivery of a gene(More)
This review provides a critical evaluation of the increasing use of gene therapy in the treatment of malignancies to induce active cell death (ACD, apoptosis). This approach is consistent with the notion that cancer is an anomalous accumulation of cells largely resulting from diminished cell death. The review details the main genes potentially useful for(More)
Synthetic gene delivery vectors have shown promise in several organs, including brain and lung. Tumor cell targeting, however, is still hindered by their low efficacy. A linear polyethylenimine (L-PEI, Exgen 500) was found to be effective in vivo. Our first attempts to use L-PEI for intratumoral gene delivery were not successful, presumably because of poor(More)
p53 gene therapy can induce tumor regression, but the low efficacy of in vivo gene transfer has greatly hampered the mechanistic analysis of this antitumoral activity. We therefore used a p53-null human NSCLC cell line in which we reintroduced the wild-type p53 gene under control of a tetracycline-dependent promoter. P53 induction provokes cell cycle arrest(More)
Various T cell subsets were characterized by double immunofluorescent staining using monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) in blood, bone marrow (BM) and tissues of 29 patients after allogeneic BM transplantation (BMT). In an attempt to prevent graft versus host disease (GvHD), 15 patients received cyclosporin A (Cy A). In the remaining 14 patients the BM was(More)
In vitro and in vivo data have demonstrated that virus-mediated p53 gene transfer can induce active cell death and lung tumor regression. In contrast, the therapeutic potential of bax, another apoptosis-inducing gene, has not been described. We compared p53 and bax cytotoxic effects by transient transfection of an average of 25 +/- 5% of the H-322 and H-358(More)
The regeneration of T cell subsets was studied with double immunofluorescence marker methods in 37 patients who received HLA matched T lymphocyte depleted bone marrow transplants (BMT) as part of the treatment for their haematological disease. A cocktail of anti-pan-T (CD6: MBG6) and anti-suppressor/cytotoxic-T cell (CD8: RFT8) monoclonal antibodies was(More)
Recent evidence has shown that not only AIDS but also the majority of 'unexplained' persistent, generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL) are related to HTLV-III/LAV infections. The early detection how these changes may proceed to AIDS then become a prime interest. Eleven patients with PGL (10 homosexual males and one heterosexual haemophiliac) have been studied by(More)
The bacterial lacZ gene encoding for β-galactosidase (β-gal) is a common reporter gene used in transgenic mice. Nonetheless, the absence of fluorigenic substrates usable in live animals greatly hampered the non-invasive follow-up of this reporter gene expression. We used far-red fluorescence for imaging β-Gal expression in live cells in vitro or in vivo.(More)