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A case-control study in the Côte d'Or area of France used the multistep concept of colorectal carcinogenesis to compare lifetime tobacco consumption and present alcohol consumption in patients with small adenomas (less than 1 cm, n = 154) or large adenomas (n = 208) and in polyp-free controls (n = 427). Cancer patients (n = 171) were compared with(More)
Serum ferritin and haematological variables were determined in 476 healthy French students (21.3 +/- 0.2 years). Information was collected on the duration of menses and contraceptive uses. Dietary intakes were assessed by the dietary history method in a randomized subsample of 157 women. The proportion of anaemic subjects was low, but 16 per cent of women(More)
OBJECTIVE Infants aged 0-5 months are not systematically included in assessments of child nutritional status and are generally excluded from surveys conducted in emergencies. We estimated the impact of excluding 0-5-month-old infants on the prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight among children under 5 years (U5) and under 3 years (U3) of age. (More)
Serum ferritin, haemoglobin, serum iron and total iron binding capacity were determined in 203 healthy menstruating women (32.9 +/- 0.6 years). Demographic and medical data were collected in the whole sample. Dietary intakes were evaluated by the dietary history method in a randomized subsample of 127 women. One fifth of the women had exhausted iron stores,(More)
The World Health Organization (WHO) has stressed that 1.5 million infants die annually, unnecessarily, from deprival or from insufficiency of breast milk. Hence, the need for its maximal use, very particularly in impoverished populations, such as those in sub-Saharan Africa. In many developed populations, a generation ago the practice was very low, but now(More)
A prevalence study was carried out on 125 mothers and their newborns in Lome (Togo): at delivery 48% of the mothers and 30% of the newborns were anaemic according to WHO criteria. Iron deficiency was the major determinant of anaemia in the mothers, as three out of four showed at least one biochemical indicator of iron deficiency. Folate deficiency was(More)
Serum ferritin, hemoglobin, serum iron and transferrin iron-binding capacity were evaluated in 107 healthy female students. 21 women had a serum ferritin of 12 micrograms/l or less, corresponding to an exhaustion of body iron stores. After 1 month of iron supplementation, significant increase of hemoglobin concentration and decrease of total iron-binding(More)
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