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A total of 304 human pronuclear zygotes and cleaved embryos from the 2- to 9-cell stages, obtained during invitro fertilization attempts, were photographed and retrospectively analysed after transfer for their morphology and size in relation to their developmental stage, using the Imagenia programme of a Biocom 500 image analyser. Morphometric parameters(More)
Lack of data on the genotype-phenotype relationship in cases of AZF microdeletions is due to the limited number of histological investigations in human male infertility cases. We investigated the possibility of retrospective detection of Yq11 microdeletions by using DNA extracted from diagnostic testicular biopsies. We used histological criteria to select(More)
The sex chromosomes in spermatozoa of a 47,XYY fertile male were analysed simultaneously by dual fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH), with two probes (pHY2.1 and pXBR). Of the 100000 cells analysed, 95179 spermatozoa (95.18%) exhibited one or more hybridization signals. Of the hybridized nuclei, 85.37% showed a normal sex chromosome constitution(More)
BACKGROUND The hypothetical responsibility of sperm donation in cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission to recipients and precautions to prevent this transmission are widely discussed. The aim of this French CECOS Federation study was to evaluate both the reality and the importance of the CMV risk due to donor sperm and the relevance of measures used to screen(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the importance of interindividual variations in the disomy frequencies of human sperm and their possible correlation with the principal semen parameters. DESIGN Prospective randomized analysis of sperm nuclei by fluorescence in situ hybridization and analysis of semen parameters. SETTING University-based laboratory for reproductive(More)
Quantitative studies on the population of the gonadotropic cells in the pituitary of adult male rats were performed after trypsic dissociation of the pituitary glands and immunoenzymatic staining with anti-beta-LH or anti-beta-FSH antisera. Number, area and extinction of labelled cells were measured by use of an image analyser and a cytophotometer. The(More)
In the central nervous systems of several species belonging to different vertebrate classes, immunocytochemical stainings with an antiserum to ovine CRF 41 show multiple location of CRF perikarya and various areas containing CRF fibres and terminals. These stainings reflect species and interspecies functional adaptations of the CRF neurones which constitute(More)
Robertsonian translocations are the most frequent structural chromosomal abnormalities in humans and can affect fertility, with various degrees of sperm alterations in men; or the pregnancy outcome of the carriers. The studies on meiotic segregation of chromosomes in sperm of Robertsonian translocation males find a majority of normal or balanced spermatozoa(More)
Development of the paraventriculo-infundibular corticoliberin system was studied by immunocytochemical analysis of human hypothalamic sections using antisera raised against rat or ovine corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). This comparative study confirms the presence of a significant number of CRF-immunoreactive fibers in the median eminence during the(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the mean frequency of aneuploidy levels of chromosomes 8, 15, 18, X, and Y in human sperm, while minimizing the effect of individual factors by analyzing sperm samples from a large set of patients. DESIGN Prospective randomized analysis of sperm nuclei by fluorescence in situ hybridization. SETTING University-based laboratory for(More)