M C Brun-Pascaud

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The apicoplast, a plastid-like organelle of Toxoplasma gondii, is thought to be a unique drug target for quinolones. In this study, we assessed the in vitro activity of quinolones against T. gondii and developed new quantitative structure-activity relationship models able to predict this activity. The anti-Toxoplasma activities of 24 quinolones were(More)
As in vitro culture systems allowing to isolate Pneumocystis samples from patients or other mammal hosts are still not available, animal models have critical importance in Pneumocystis research. The parasite was reported in numerous mammals but P. carinii pneumonia (PCP) experimental models were essentially developed by using rats, mice, rabbits and(More)
We present a new experimental model for the simultaneous evaluation of the activities of drugs against Pneumocystis carinii, Toxoplasma gondii, and Mycobacterium avium complex infections. Rats latently infected with P. carinii were challenged with the MO-1 strain of M. avium and then immunosuppressed with corticosteroids for 7 weeks. At week 5 the RH strain(More)
Rats were pretreated with various inducers of cytochrome P-450 before being exposed to pure normobaric oxygen (O2) in order to determine whether the inducers interfere with toxicity. The pulmonary and liver inducers beta-naphthoflavone (beta NF) and 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC) increased the survival rate and decreased the amount of pleural and lung fluid(More)
In a rat model of dual infection, we studied such dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitors as PS-15 (25 mg/kg of body weight), epiroprim (100 mg/kg), and pyrimethamine (3 mg/kg) alone or in combination with various doses of dapsone (50, 25, or 5 mg/kg) for the prevention of pneumocystosis and toxoplasmosis. Rats latently infected with Pneumocystis carinii(More)
Artemisinin and its derivatives have been found effective in vivo against Plasmodium and in vitro against Toxoplasma gondii and Pneumocystis carinii. We tested the activity of artemether for prophylaxis and treatment in the rat model of concurrent T. gondii and P. carinii infection. Artemether at doses of 18 and 100 mg/kg administered (s.c.) in prophylaxis(More)
Pneumocystis carinii (P.c.) pneumonia was induced in 40 rats by a prolonged corticosteroid treatment (group 1); 40 healthy rats of equal weight constituted the control group (group 2); 9 rats received the same corticosteroid treatment as group 1, together with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SFZ) in order to prevent P.c. multiplication (group 3). We(More)
Arterial blood gases and acid-base balance were measured in adult rats using a cannula implanted in the aortic arch. These measurements were performed both in awake, unrestrained animals and in animals submitted to various circumstances i.e. (a) different diet: high and low sodium chloride intake, (b) anesthesia by pentobarbital or inactine and, (c)(More)