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Taxotere (RP 56976; NSC 628503; N-debenzoyl-N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-10-deacetyl taxol) is a new microtubule stabilizing agent. It is obtained by semisynthesis from a noncytotoxic precursor extracted from the needles of the tree, Taxus baccata L. Taxotere was evaluated for antitumor activity against a variety of transplantable tumors of mice. Taxotere had no(More)
Docetaxel is a taxoid which is currently in phase II/III clinical trials in Europe, the US and Japan. It was found to promote tubulin assembly in microtubules and to inhibit their depolymerization. In vitro, the docetaxel concentrations required to reduce murine and human cell survival by 50% ranged from 4 to 35 ng/ml and the cytotoxic effects were greater(More)
Progress in cancer chemotherapy has been made owing to the discovery and development of drugs that have new structures, new mechanisms of action, and high levels of experimental antitumor activity. Docetaxel (Taxotere; Rhône-Poulenc Rorer, Antony, France) is prepared by semisynthesis from 10-deacetyl baccatin III, an inactive taxoid precursor extracted from(More)
CPT-11 (irinotecan) is a water-soluble analogue of camptothecin (CPT), an antitumor drug extracted from the Chinese tree Camptotheca acuminata. SN-38 is an active metabolite of CPT-11 that contributes significantly to its activity. The antitumor effects of CPT-11 and SN-38 are exerted through a novel mechanism of action; inhibition of DNA topoisomerase I.(More)
The anti-tumour activity of CPT-11, a topoisomerase I inhibitor, was evaluated in four human neural-crest-derived paediatric tumour xenografts; one peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour (pPNET) (SK-N-MC) and three neuroblastomas. Two models, SK-N-MC and IGR-N835, were established in athymic mice from a previously established in vitro cell line. Two(More)
Docetaxel is a taxoid cytotoxic agent which promotes tubulin assembly into microtubles and inhibits their depolymerisation. In vitro, docetaxel reduces murine and human tumour cell survival by 50% at concentrations of 4-35 ng/ml, with a greater cytotoxic effect on proliferating than on non-proliferating cells. In vivo, docetaxel is schedule-independent.(More)
Intoplicine (RP 60475, NSC 645008) is an antitumor derivative in the 7H-benzo[e]pyrido[4,3-b]indole series which is now being tested in clinical trials. Intoplicine strongly binds DNA (KA = 2 x 10(5) M-1) and thereby increases the length of linear DNA. These properties are consistent with DNA unwinding by intoplicine. Intoplicine was found to be a dual(More)
We have characterized a novel human gene (C14orf1) which codes for a polypeptide homologous to the yeast protein Yer044c. Both the human and yeast proteins are predicted to be highly basic and to present several potential, evolutionarily conserved, transmembrane domains. C14orf1 mRNA was found to be particularly abundant in the adult testis and in several(More)
The efficacy of the topoisomerase I inhibitor CPT-11 [7-ethyl-10-(4-[1-piperidino]-1-piperidino)-carbonyloxycamptothec in] has been evaluated against a panel of human tumor xenografts derived from adult and pediatric malignancies. Tumors included eight colon adenocarcinomas representing intrinsically chemorefractory malignancies, six lines derived from(More)
Flavone acetic acid (FAA), a new drug with broad activity against transplanted solid tumors of mice, induces nonrepairable DNA single strand breaks that correlate with therapeutic efficacy. To test the hypothesis that the inability of the cells to repair single strand breaks is associated with a disruption of tumor energy metabolism, in vivo 31P nuclear(More)