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Skeletal muscle is one of a several adult post-mitotic tissues that retain the capacity to regenerate. This relies on a population of quiescent precursors, termed satellite cells. Here we describe two novel markers of quiescent satellite cells: CD34, an established marker of hematopoietic stem cells, and Myf5, the earliest marker of myogenic commitment.(More)
MyoD1 and myogenin are muscle-specific proteins which can convert non-myogenic cells in culture to differentiated muscle fibres, implicating them in myogenic determination. The pattern of expression of MyoD1 and myogenin during the early stages of muscle formation in the mouse embryo in vivo and in limb-bud explants cultured in vitro, indicates that they(More)
We have analysed by in situ hybridization the expression of myf-5, the murine homologue of the human myogenic regulatory sequence myf5, during embryogenesis in the mouse. myf-5 sequences were first detected in the earliest somites (from about 8 days p.c.) in the dermomyotome, before formation of the dermatome, myotome and sclerotome. The dermomyotome is(More)
Muscle satellite cells contribute to muscle regeneration. We have used a Pax3(GFP/+) mouse line to directly isolate (Pax3)(green fluorescent protein)-expressing muscle satellite cells, by flow cytometry from adult skeletal muscles, as a homogeneous population of small, nongranular, Pax7+, CD34+, CD45-, Sca1- cells. The flow cytometry parameters thus(More)
The growth and repair of skeletal muscle after birth depends on satellite cells that are characterized by the expression of Pax7. We show that Pax3, the paralogue of Pax7, is also present in both quiescent and activated satellite cells in many skeletal muscles. Dominant-negative forms of both Pax3 and -7 repress MyoD, but do not interfere with the(More)
We analyzed Pax-3 (splotch), Myf-5 (targeted with nlacZ), and splotch/Myf-5 homozygous mutant mice to investigate the roles that these genes play in programming skeletal myogenesis. In splotch and Myf-5 homozygous embryos, myogenic progenitor cell perturbations and early muscle defects are distinct. Remarkably, splotch/Myf-5 double homozygotes have a(More)
During heart development the second heart field (SHF) provides progenitor cells for most cardiomyocytes and expresses the homeodomain factor Nkx2-5. We now show that feedback repression of Bmp2/Smad1 signaling by Nkx2-5 critically regulates SHF proliferation and outflow tract (OFT) morphology. In the cardiac fields of Nkx2-5 mutants, genes controlling(More)
In vertebrates, skeletal muscle is a model for the acquisition of cell fate from stem cells. Two determination factors of the basic helix-loop-helix myogenic regulatory factor (MRF) family, Myf5 and Myod, are thought to direct this transition because double-mutant mice totally lack skeletal muscle fibres and myoblasts. In the absence of these factors,(More)
We have studied the transcripts of the embryonic, perinatal, and adult fast myosin heavy chain (MHC) genes in mouse skeletal muscle in vivo before and after birth, and in vitro in myogenic cell lines. In vivo, in 15-day fetal muscle, embryonic and perinatal MHC mRNAs are both present, and the former is the major transcript. By 18 days the perinatal is(More)
Mice that have mutations in both myogenic transcription factors Myf-5 and MyoD totally lack skeletal muscle fibres and their precursor myoblasts, whereas with either mutation alone, muscle is present. Skeletal muscle in the vertebrate body is derived from epithelial somites that respond to environmental signals to form the dorsal epithelial dermomyotome(More)