M Brossard-Racine

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BACKGROUND Although behavioural problems are frequent in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), the exact nature of these difficulties and their relationship with intrinsic or extrinsic factors are just beginning to be explored. AIM To describe and characterize behavioural problems in children with CP and to determine the nature of any relationships with(More)
Behavioral problems are common in children with cerebral palsy; however, little is known about the persistence of these difficulties during adolescence. This study aimed to describe the nature and frequency of behavioral difficulties in adolescents with cerebral palsy and to explore associated factors. Parents of the participants completed the Strengths and(More)
BACKGROUND Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioural disorder of childhood. Motor performance appears to be impaired for an important sub-set of this population. OBJECTIVES This structured review draws attention to the neurological mechanisms that could potentially explain these difficulties. METHODS In August(More)
Motor difficulties are common in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Although preliminary evidence has suggested that methylphenidate can improve the motor skills in children with ADHD and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), the effect of stimulant medication on motor performance in children newly diagnosed with ADHD with(More)
UNLABELLED Preliminary evidence suggests that children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may exhibit handwriting difficulties. However, the exact nature of these difficulties and the extent to which they may relate to motor or behavioural difficulties remains unclear. The aim of this study was to describe handwriting capacity in children(More)
Cerebellar injury is increasingly recognized as an important complication of very preterm birth. However, the neurodevelopmental consequences of early life cerebellar injury in prematurely born infants have not been well elucidated. We performed a literature search of studies published between 1997 and 2014 describing neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brain injury in neonates with congenital heart disease is an important predictor of adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Impaired brain development in congenital heart disease may have a prenatal origin, but the sensitivity and specificity of fetal brain MR imaging for predicting neonatal brain lesions are currently unknown. We sought(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Compared with term infants, preterm infants have impaired brain development at term-equivalent age, even in the absence of structural brain injury. However, details regarding the onset and progression of impaired preterm brain development over the third trimester are unknown. Our primary objective was to compare third-trimester(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare regional cerebellar microstructure, as measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), between preterm infants at term-equivalent age and healthy term-born control neonates, and to explore associations between DTI findings and clinical risk factors. STUDY DESIGN In this case-control study, DTI studies were performed in 73 premature(More)
This article presents an overview of published studies using conventional and quantitative MR imaging to describe normal development of the cerebellum prenatally and postnatally through 18 years of age. Normal cerebellar development and maturational processes are described here within the context of MR imaging morphology, microstructure, metabolism, and(More)